Country Profile

The Country


Formerly called ‘Muscat and Oman’ until 1970, the country of Oman is located at the tip of the Arabian peninsular, in a strategic position overlooking the entrance to the Arabian Gulf (also known as the Persian Gulf). It is bordered by the UAE to the north west, Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the south west, the Indian Ocean to the south east and the Gulf of Oman to the north east.

A chain of high mountains runs east-west in the north of the country. To the north lies the densely populated region of Batinah, a fertile coastal plain that includes the city of Muscat. To the south is a largely unpopulated desert plateau. In the far south is the Dhofar region, which is lower and much more fertile. The total land area is 212,460 sq km (82,050 sq miles). The Population of 2.5 million (2000 figure) comprises 75% Ibadhi Muslims, with 25% other Muslim and Hindu ethnic groups. The capital city is Muscat, situated on the northern coast.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Omani History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Oman
Yahoo Oman page
wikipedia: Oman
wikipedia: History of Oman


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Oman.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Aircraft in Muscat and Oman used the registration sequence G-Axxx 1929-1973. In 1973, the registration prefix A4O-xx (later A40-xxx) was adopted, eg: A40-GK.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Oman listing is here.
An incomplete all-time Oman civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal Air Force of Oman)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Oman Royal Flight)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are performed by the Police

Public Service Aviation:

Medical Aviation – a Flying Doctor service is operated by the RAFO.
Police Aviation (Royal Oman Police Air Wing)

Commercial Aviation

Oman Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Oman
The World’s Airlines: Oman

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Oman Airports
Airports in Oman

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

The Sultan’s Armed Forces Museum, Muscat

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Oman

Aviation Bibliography

Oman Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

None found

1st Fighter Wing

of the Royal Bahraini Air Force


1st Fighter Wing was formed in 1985 to control the RBAF fighter units. Initially based at Bahrain International Airport (Manama), the unit later moved to Shaikh Isa Air Base.

Subordinate Units

Unit Duration
1st Fighter Squadron 1990 – Present
2nd Fighter Squadron 2000 – Present
6th Fighter Squadron 1985 – Present

Unit Markings

Figure 1
To be added


Base Duration
Bahrain Intl. Airport (Manama) 1985 – 1990
Shaikh Isa AB 1990 – Present

More Information


  • To be added

Other Sources

To be added.

Current Order of Battle
Kuwait Air Force

Squadron Type Base
9 Squadron F/A-18C/D Hornet Ahmad Al Jaber AB
12 Squadron Hawk Mk.64 Ali Salim Sabah AB
19 Squadron Tucano T.52 Ali Salim Sabah AB
25 Squadron F/A-18C/D Hornet Ahmad Al Jaber AB
32 Squadron SA 330H Puma Ali Salim Sabah AB
33 Squadron SA 342K Gazelle Ali Salim Sabah AB
41 Squadron L-100-30 Hercules Ali Salim Sabah AB
61 Squadron F/A-18C/D Hornet Ali Salim Sabah AB
62 Squadron AS 532SC Cougar Ali Salim Sabah AB
88 Squadron AH-64D Apache Longbow Ali Salim Sabah AB
91 Squadron S-92A Kuwait IAP

Current Aircraft Inventory
Kuwait Air Force

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Aerospatiale AS 532SC Cougar 6 4 0 Maritime Patrol/ASW
Aerospatiale SA 330H Puma 12 6 0 Transport
Aerospatiale SA 342K Gazelle 24 14 0 Anti-Armour
Airbus Helicopters H225M 0 0 24 Assault
Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbow 16 16 0 Anti-Armour/Attack
Boeing C-17 Globemaster III 2 2 0 Transport
Boeing F/A-18C Hornet 32 27 0 Fighter-Bomber/Recce.
Boeing F/A-18D Hornet 8 7 0 Trainer
British Aerospace Hawk T.64 12 10 0 Trainer/Light Attack
Eurofighter Typhoon 0 0 28 Fighter-Bomber
Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules 4 3 0 Transport
Lockheed Martin KC-130J Super Hercules 3 3 5 Tanker/Transport
Shorts Tucano T.52 16 12 0 Trainer
Sikorsky S-92 2 2 0 Utility

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Kuwait Air Force


Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale SA 342K Gazelle 24 1974 current France
Aerospatiale SA 330H Puma 12 1975 current France
Aerospatiale AS 532SC Cougar 6 1984 current France
Agusta AB205A Iroquois 8 1968 1977 Italy
Agusta AB206A JetRanger 3 1968 1978 Italy
Airbus Helicopters H225M 24 France
Auster J1 Autocrat 3 1958 1959+ UK
Auster J5 Aiglet Trainer 6 1954 1960+ UK
Auster J5P Autocar 3 1953 19?? UK
BAC Strikemaster T.83 12 1970 1986 UK
BAC Jet Provost T.51 6 1962 1977 UK
Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbow 16 2005 current USA
Boeing C-17A Globemaster III 2 2014 current USA
Boeing F/A-18C Hornet 32 1992 current USA
Boeing F/A-18D Hornet 8 1992 current USA
British Aerospace Hawk T.64 12 1985 current UK
Dassault Mirage F.1BK 6 1977 2002 France
Dassault Mirage F.1CK 27 1976 2002 France
de Havilland DH.104 Dove 2 1955 1968 UK
de Havilland DH.114 Heron 1 1962 1972 UK
De Havilland Canada DHC-4A Caribou 2 1962 1979 Canada
English Electric Lightning F.53 12 1968 1977 UK
English Electric Lightning T.55 2 1968 1977 UK
Eurofighter Typhoon 28 UK
Hawker Hunter FGA.9 2 1967 1971 UK
Hawker Hunter FGA.57 4 1965 1976 UK
Hawker Hunter T.67 5 1965 1980 UK
Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules 2 1971 1983 USA
Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules 4 1983 current USA
Lockheed Martin KC-130J Super Hercules 3 2012 current USA
McDonnell Douglas A-4KU Skyhawk 30 1977 1993 USA
McDonnell Douglas TA-4KU Skyhawk 6 1978 1993 USA
McDonnell Douglas C-9K/DC-9 3 1976 1997 USA
Shorts Tucano T.52 16 1995 current UK
Sikorsky S-92A 2 2007 current USA
Westland Whirlwind 2 3 1960 1963 UK


Additional information is welcome

National Markings
Kuwait Air Force

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Kuwait Air Force since its formation:

Main MarkingFin Flash

The markings carried by Security Department of Kuwait aircraft are not known.

Main MarkingFin Flash

The main marking is displayed in 6 positions (i.e. above and below each wing, and on each side of the fuselage) on aircraft – but on the fuselage sides only on helicopters. The fin flash is displayed on the tailfin. Transport aircraft carried the service titles KUWAIT AIR FORCE in English and Arabic. During the period of Kuwaiti occupation 1990-1991, exiled KAF aircraft replaced the roundel with the words ‘FREE KUWAIT’.

Main MarkingFin Flash

Since the 1991 Gulf War, KAF aircraft normally fly without roundels and only dispay the fin flash. Transport aircraft carry the service titles KUWAIT AIR FORCE in English and Arabic.

Main MarkingFin Flash

Some sources indicate that a version of the roundel with the words Kuwait in Arabic script on the green outer ring has been occasionally used. There is little photographic evidence of this.

Aircraft Not Used
Kuwait Air Force

This page gives details of some of the aircraft types that were offered or promised to the Kuwait Air Force but not delivered, cancelled official orders, and types have been falsely reported as being in service.

Agusta AB204B Iroquois
Six examples reported in service 1968-1978. Probably confusion with the AB205s actually used.

Boeing AH-64A Apache
16 ordered in 1994, but cancelled in 1996.

Lockheed Martin C-130J Hercules
Four C-130J reportedly ordered in 2000.

Sikorsky UH-60L Blackhawk
16 ordered in 1996, but cancelled in 1997.

Kuwait Air Force

Operator Profile


Narrative Summary

Military aviation started in Kuwait when the Security Department of Kuwait began to operate a number of Auster aircraft supplied by the Kuwait Aero Club. These were soon supplemented by a pair of Doves. In 1961 a growing threat by Iraq to invade Kuwait was averted by rapidly-deployed British military reinforcements, but this lead to the Air Wing being reorganised as the Kuwait Air Force. The Air Force took delivery of its first jet aircraft in 1962 and expanded rapidly with additional helicopters and other aircraft. Hawker Hunters and then Lightnings formed the nucleus of a fighter force that now operates F/A-18 Hornets. During the Iraqi invasion on 2nd August 1990, KAF aircraft were forced to flee to Bahrain to escape capture. The KAF then regrouped in Saudi Arabia, and was able to conduct offensive operations alongside coalition forces during the United Nations campaign to liberate Kuwait from occupation.

Key Dates

1953    Security Department of Kuwait Air Wing established
1961    Kuwait Air Force established
1960    First helicopters received – Westland Whirlwind
1962    First jet aircraft delivered – Jet Provost
1988    Kuwait Air Force assumes its present name
2 August 1990    Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait
February 1991    Gulf War – United Nations liberates Kuwait

Current Status

To be added.

Future Plans

To be added.


National Insignia

Current — Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

The Kuwait military serial numbering system consists of a three digit mumber, e.g. 414 for F/A-18C and 145 for Hawk Mk.64. The numbers are reused once a type has been retired.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service


Main Headquarters

Kuwait City.

Organisational Structure

The KAF is organised into nine Squadrons at three main bases.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air bases currently used are Ahmed al Jaber, Ali al Salim and Kuwait International Airport.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the above, during the 1991 Gulf War KAF aircraft were based at Dhahran in Saudi Arabia.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information


Kuwait Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.


To be added.


wikipedia: Kuwait Air Force

Scramble: Kuwait Air Force

Air-Britain Photos: Kuwait Air Force

Current Order of Battle
Royal Air Force of Oman

Squadron Type Base
1 Squadron PC-9, Mushshak, Super Mushshak Al Masirah
2 Squadron Skyvan Seeb
3 Squadron Super Lynx Salalah
4 Squadron Airbus A320 Seeb
6 Squadron Hawk Mk.103/203 Al Masirah
8 Squadron Jaguar Thumrait
14 Squadron Super Lynx Al Musanah
14 Squadron Det. Super Lynx Masirah
15 Squadron Super Lynx Al Musanah
16 Squadron C-130H Seeb
18 Squadron F-16C/D Thumrait
20 Squadron Jaguar Thumrait

Current Aircraft Inventory
Royal Air Force of Oman

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Aerospatiale SA 330J Puma 3 2 0 Transport
Aerospatiale AS 332C Super Puma 2 1 0 Utility Transport
Aerospatiale AS 332L1 Super Puma 1 1 0 Utility Transport
Agusta-Bell AB205A 33 5 0 Utility/SAR
Airbus A320-214CJ 2 2 0 VIP Transport
British Aerospace Hawk Mk.103/103A 5 4 0 Trainer/Light Attack
British Aerospace Hawk Mk.203 12 10 0 Light Attack
BAE Systems Hawk Mk.166 0 0 8 Trainer/Light Attack
Bell 206B JetRanger 4 4 0 Trainer
CASA C295 MPA 2 2 1 Maritime Patrol
CASA C295 4 4 1 Transport
Eurofighter Typhoon 0 0 24 Fighter-Bomber
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 3 3 0 Transport
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules 3 3 0 Transport
Lockheed Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 17 17 0 Fighter-Bomber
Lockheed Martin F-16D Fighting Falcon 6 6 0 Trainer
NHI NH90TTH 17 17 2 Utility
PAC Mushshak 3 2 0 Trainer
PAC Super Mushshak 5 5 0 Trainer
Pilatus PC-9(M) 12 12 0 Trainer
Short Skyvan 3M 16 3 0 Maritime Patrol
Westland Super Lynx Mk.120 16 15 0 Utility/SAR