Finnish Border Guard

History

Narrative Summary

The Border Guard operates in a dual border guard/coast guard role. Responsibilities include maritime pollution detection, transport, Search and Rescue and surveillance.

Key Dates

19 March 1921    Border Guard first formed.

Current Status

Responsibilities include maritime pollution detection, transport, Search and Rescue and surveillance.

Future Plans

None known.


Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

All Border Guard aircraft and helicopters carry civil aircraft registrations, in the series OH-HVx for helicopters and OH-MVx for fixed wing aircraft, e.g. AB412 OH-HVH.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

PL3041161, Tikkakoski, Jyväskylä.

Organisational Structure

The Border Guard Air Patrol Squadron is located at two air bases.

Current Unit Assignments

Table of Current Unit Assignments

Historical Unit Assignments

Historical Unit Assignments – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

To be added.

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main bases are Turku and Rovaniemi.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

To be added.

More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

Combat Aircraft Aug-Sept 1997

Websites

Official Border Guard webpage

wikipedia: Finnish Border Guard

Airliners.net

Special Markings
Finnish Border Guard

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Finnish Border Guard since its formation:


 
Main MarkingFin Flash

1921-present
As civil aircraft, no national markiings are carried. The service insignia is the head of a bear in gold. Fixed wing aircraft carry the service title FRONTIER GUARD in English. Helicopters carry the service title in Finnish as RAJAVARTIOLAITOS on the port side and in Swedish as GRÄNSBEVAKNINGEN on the starboard side.

Current Unit Assignments
Finnish Border Guard

Unit Type Base
Air Patrol Squadron
Do 228, AS332 Turku
AB412 Rovaniemi

 

All-Time Aircraft Used List
Finnish Border Guard

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
Aerospatiale SE 3130 Alouette II 1 1966 1976 France
Aerospatiale AS 332L-1 Super Puma 3 1987? current France
Agusta AB206 JetRanger 6 1968 current Italy
Agusta AB412 4 1985 current Italy
AgustaWestland AW119Ke Koala 3* 2010 Italy
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver 3 1951 1985 Canada
Dornier Do 228-212 2 1995 current Germany
Junkers F.13fe 2 1931 1939 Germany
Junkers K.43f 3 1940 1950 Germany
Junkers W.34B 1 1940 1941 Germany
Koolhoven FK.49 1 1940 1943 Netherlands
Mil Mi-1 ‘Hare’ 1 1961 1968 USSR
Mil Mi-8 ‘Hip’ 3 1983 1989 USSR
Piper PA-31 Navajo Chieftain 2 1976 1993 USA
SAAB 91D Safir 3 1982 1985 Sweden
V.L. Saaski II 1 1930 1933 local
WSK SM-1S-600 2 1960 1967 Poland

Current Aircraft Inventory
Finnish Border Guard

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
Aerospatiale AS 332L-1 Super Puma 3 3 0 Transport/SAR/Patrol
Agusta AB206A JetRanger 1 1 0 Transport/SAR/Patrol
Agusta AB206B JetRanger 3 3 0 Transport/SAR/Patrol
Agusta AB412EP 3 3 0 Transport/SAR/Patrol
AgustaWestland AW119Ke Koala 3* 0 Transport/SAR/Patrol
Dornier Do 228-212 2 2 0 Patrol/Pollution Detection

 

Finnish Army Aviation

History

Narrative Summary

An Army helicopter flight was formed on 1 January 1997, with equipment transferred from the Finnish Air Force. In 2008 the transport fleet began to be modernised with the introduction of the NHI NH90 helicopter.

Key Dates

1 January 1997 Army aviation unit first established.
March 2008 NHI NH90 enters service.

Current Status

All SM helicopters currently are currently active.

Future Plans

Procurement of up to 20 dedicated attack helicopters – such as the AH-64 or Tiger.

Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

Finnish army helicopters used the same serialling system as the air force – a two-letter prefix designating the aircraft type and a two or three figure number for each airframe.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used

Current Aircraft Inventory

Aircraft Type Total Del’d Total Active Still on Order Role
MDD MD 500 3 2 0 AOP/Liaison
MDD MD 500E 6 5 0 AOP/Liaison
NHI NH90TTH 20 20 0 Transport

All-Time Aircraft Used List

Aircraft Type Quantity Service Entry Out of Service Origin
MDD MD 500D 3 1997 current Finnish AF
MDD MD 500E 6 1997 current Finnish AF/USA
Mil Mi-8P/8T 14 1997 2011 Finnish AF
NHI NH90TTH 20 2008 current Finland

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Aircraft Losses and Incidents

None known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

PL3041161, Tikkakoski, Jyväskylä.

Organisational Structure

Army Aviation comprises one Battalion with two Companies.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

Helikopteri Pataljoona
1 Helikopteri Komppania
2 Helikopteri Komppania
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Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main Army Aviation base is Rovaniemi.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

As above.


More Information

Books

None known.

Magazines

Combat Aircraft Aug-Sept 1997

Websites

Finnish Defence Forces Official Website
wikipedia: Equipment of the Finnish Army
airliners.net

Any photographs illustrating this operator would be welcome.

 

Current Order of Battle
Finnish Army Aviation

Battalion Squadron Type Base
Helikopteri Pataljoona (Helicopter Battalion)
1 Helikopteri Komppania NH90 Rovaniemi
2 Helikopteri Komppania MD 500D/E Rovaniemi

National Markings
Finnish Army Aviation

This section describes and illustrates the various national insignia used by the Finnish Army Aviation since its formation:




 
Main MarkingFin Flash

1945-present
The main marking is displayed on the fuselage sides of helicopters. A fin flash is not carried. Aircraft do not carry service titles.

Finnish Air Force

History

Narrative Summary

Air Force History

Key Dates

Air Force Timeline

Current Status

To be added

Future Plans

None known.


Markings

National Insignia

CurrentHistorical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

The Finnish military serial numbering system consists of a two-letter prefix designating the basic aircraft type and a two or three figure number for each airframe, e.g. Magister FM-26.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

False reports of aircraft on order or in service

Organisation

Main Headquarters

PL3041161, Tikkakoski, Jyväskylä.

Organisational Structure

The air force is organised into three air-defence wings, each with a fighter squadron assigned to one of three air defence areas. A small number of centrally controlled squadrons provide general support facilities.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

List of Historical Orders of Battle – to be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

Units List

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

The main air bases currently used are Halli, Jyväskylä-Luonetjarvi, Kauhava, Kuopio-Rissala, Rovaniemi and Tampere-Pirkkala.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

In addition to the main bases, there are also a number of smaller airports and airfields around the country which are sometimes used by the Air Force.
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

More Information

Books

Finnish Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

World Air Power Journal No.5 p.144-146
Air International February 1997
Air Forces Research No.1
Combat Aircraft June-July 1997

Combat Aircraft Aug-Sept 1997
Air Forces Monthly April 1998
Scramble March 1997

Websites

Finnish Defence Forces Official Website

wikipedia: Finnish Air Force
wikipedia: Aircraft of the Finnish Air Force

Scramble: Finnish Air Force

PlanePictures.net

Airliners.net

Air-Britain Photos: Finnish Air Force

All-Time Units List
Finnish Air Force

This page lists all the aviation units of the Finnish Air Force, since its formation.

Lentorykmentti 1
Lentorykmentti 2
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Lentorykmentti 19
Lentolaivue 1
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Tiedustelulentolaivue 17
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Flying Depot 1
Flying Depot 2
Flying Depot 3
Lentoryhma Sarko

Lapin Lennosto
Satakunnan Lennosto
Karjalan Lennosto
Ilmasotakoulu
Lentosotakoulu
Ilmavoimien Koelentokeskus

Havittajalentolaivue 11
Havittajalentolaivue 21
Havittajalentolaivue 31
Havittajalentolaivue 41
Tukilentolaivue
Kuljetuslentolaivue
Yhteyslentue
Kuljetuslentue
Helikopterilentue

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