Ukraine

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Ukraine is country in eastern Europe. It has borders with Russia to the east and north east, the Black Sea to the south, Romania and Moldova to the south west, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland to the north west and Belarus to the north.

The terrain of Ukraine is mostly composed of fertile plains and plateaus, which are good for agriculture. The mighty Dnieper river flows throuh the middle of the country and empties into the Black Sea. In the west, the Carpathian Mountains run along the border with Hungary, while in the south of the Crimean Peninsula are the Crimean Mountains. The only other significant elevated region is the Donets Hills in the far east along the eastern border. The land area is 65,610 square kilometres (25,332 square miles).

The country has a population of 44.85 million (2012 figures). The population is made up of 77.8% Ukrainians, 17.3% Russians, 0.6% Belarusians and 4.0% others. In terms of religion, 62.5% of the population has no religion, 22.1% Christian Orthodox and 16.4% Roman Catholic. The capital is Kiev.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Ukraine History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Ukraine
wikipedia: Ukraine
wikipedia: History of Ukraine

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Ukraine.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Since 1992, Ukrainian civil aircraft have used the registration sequence UR-xxxx, with variously letter or number regisrations. Sport aircraft has been allocated to the LA-xxxx sequence with numerical regisrations since at least 2000.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Ukraine listing is here.
Civil Aircraft Register of Ukraine
Ukraine Civil Aircraft Register
Official Ukrainian Civil Aircraft Register

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current Air Arms:
Air Force (Ukrainian Air Force)
Air Force (Ukrainian Air Defence Force) [1992-2004]
Naval Aviation (Ukrainian Naval Aviation)
Army Aviation (Ukrainian Ground Forces Army Aviation)
Reserve Aviation (National Guard of Ukraine – no aviation unit)

Historical Air Arms:
Ukrainian People’s Republic Air Fleet [1917-1918]
Ukrainian State Air Fleet [1918]
Air Squadron of the Don Cossacks [1918]
Ukrainian Galician Army Aviation Regiment [1918-1919]
Red Ukrainian Air Fleet [1919]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Ukraine Air Enterprise)
Flight Inspection (State Air Traffic Service Enterprise – UkSATSE)
Border Guard Aviation (State Border Guard Service)
Gendarmerie Aviation (Interior Troops of Ukraine)
Cadet Aviation (Association for the Support of the Defence – TSOU)

Regional Government Agencies

Kiev Municipal Government Administration

Public Service Aviation

Civil Defence Aviation (State Emergency Service)
Police Aviation (Interior Ministry Aviation Unit)

Commercial Aviation

Air Ukraine

wikipedia: Airlines of Ukraine
The World’s Airlines: Ukraine

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Aeros
Anatra
Antonov
Kiev Aircraft Repair Plant

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Ukraine

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museum of Partisan Glory, Odessa
National Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Kiev
State Aviation Museum, Kiev

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Ukraine

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

Syria

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Syria is a country in the northern part of Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Israel to the south west, Lebanon to the west and the Mediterranean to the north west.

The terrain of the country is divided into a large arid plateau to the east and a mountainous region in the west. The coast of Syria is lined by a mountain range that follows the coast from Turkey, and stops just short of the Lebanese border. A narrow coastal plain separates the mountains from the Mediterranean. A second range of mountains lines the border with Lebanon. Much of the rest of the country is desert or arid plain. The Euphrates river runs diagonally thorough the country, and tributaries and irrigation systems allow a relatively fertile region in the north east which is used for farming. The total land area is 186,475 sq km (71,479 sq miles).

The population of Syria is 22.5 million (2012 figures), and is made up of 90% Arabs, 9% Kurds, 1% others. In terms of religion, 59% are Sunni Moslem, 13% Alawites (Shia Moslem), 10% Christian, 3% Druze and 15% others. The capital city is Damascus.

National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Syria History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Syria
wikipedia: Syria
wikipedia: History of Syria

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Syria.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

YK SR
Prior to independence, aircraft based in Syria were registered in the F-Oxxx series for ‘France Outre-mer’ aircraft. After independence, the sequence SR-xxx was used 1948-52. In 1952 the registration prefix YK-xxx was adopted, eg: YK-AKD.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Syria listing is here.
An incomplete all-time Syria civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Syrian Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Syrian Government)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police (Syrian Police) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Syrian Air/Syrian Arab Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Syria
The World’s Airlines: Syria

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Syria

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Military Museum, Damascus
War Memorial Museum, Damascus

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

North Korea

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

North Korea is located on the Korean peninsula in the Sea of Japan in south east Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, the Sea of Japan to the east, South Korea to the south and Korea Bay to the east.
The 38th parallel defines the southern border with South Korea – as defined by the United Nations following the Korean War. The north and east of the country is composed of mountains and uplands, separated by deep and narrow valleys. The west and south west of the country feature two fertile plains, separated by a mountain range. The total land area is 120,538 sq km (46,540 sq miles).
The Population of 23.5 million (2008 figure) comprises 99.8% of Korean origin, with 0.2% ethnically Chinese. Some 55.6% of the people are non-religious, 15.6% atheist, 12.3% traditional beliefs, 12.9% Ch’ondogyo, 2.1% Christian, and 1.5% Buddhist. The capital city is Pyongyang.

National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in North Korean History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: North Korea
wikipedia: North Korea
wikipedia: History of North Korea

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in North Korea.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

During the Japanese occupation period, Korean civil aircraft used the registration sequence J-Cxxx, with effect from 1933.

After World War 2, North Korean civil aircraft used numerical registrations with no prefix. However, since the 1980s, civil aircraft have used the series P-500 to P-999 for registrations, e.g. Tupolev Tu-134 P-814.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Korean People’s Army Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – North Korean VIP transport is provided by the state-owned airline Air Koryo.
Border Guard – no aviation unit known.
State Security Department – no aviation unit known.

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – some limited air ambulance services are provided by the air force.
Police Aviation (People’s Safety Agency) – some limited air policing services are provided by the air force.

Commercial Aviation

Civil Aviation in North Korea

Air Koryo

wikipedia: Airlines of North Korea
The World’s Airlines: North Korea

Private Aviation

Private aircraft ownership is not permitted.

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in North Korea

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum
Taechon Aircraft Collection
Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum

Preserved Aircraft in North Korea

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

North Korean Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

North Korea – Aviation Safety

Aviation in North Korea

North Korean Economy Watch – Aviation

Iraq

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Iraq is a country in Western Asia. It is bounded on the east by Iran, Kuwait to the south, Saudi Arabia to the south west, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north west and Turkey to the north.

Much of the western half of the country is desert. The eastern half comprises a fertile plain between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, which run through the middle of the country and then empty into the Persian Gulf. There also several large lakes fed by tributaries of these rivers. In the north east, a chain of mountains defines the northern part of the border with Iran. The land area of the country is 438,317 sq km (169,234 sq miles).

The population of Iraq is 31.1 million (2012 figures), and is made up of 75% Arabs, 17% Kurds, 3% Turkmen, 2% Assyrians, 2% Persians and 1% others. 64% of the population are Shia Moslems, 33% Sunni Moslems and 3% others. The capital city is Baghdad.

National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Iraqi History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Iraq
Yahoo Iraq page
wikipedia: Iraq
wikipedia: History of Iraq

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘YI-‘ has been used since 1931, eg: YI-xxx. The Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan (Feb 1958-Aug 1958) used the prefix 4YB-xxx.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Iraq listing is here.
Golden Years: Iraq YI-xxx
An incomplete all-time Iraq civil aircraft register listing is here.
An incomplete all-time Jordan-Iraq Confederation civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Iraqi Air Force) [2006-Present]
Army Aviation (Iraqi Army) [2004-Present]

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Iraqi Air Force) [1931-2003]
Army Aviation (Iraqi Army) [1952-2003]
Naval Aviation (Iraqi Navy) [1952-2003]

Iraqi-based foreign military air arms-
United Kingdom [1918-1952]
Allied Coalition [1991-1992]
UN Coalition [2003-2010]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Iraqi Presidential Flight) [1952-2003]
Agricultural Aviation (Government Unit) [2010-Present]

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police Aviation (Iraqi Police Air Unit)
Private Security Contractors [2004-current]

Commercial Aviation

Iraqi Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of Iraq
The World’s Airlines: Iraq

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

To be added

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields-
Baghdad Airport (ICAO: xx)
Airports in Iraq

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Baghdad Museum
Military Museum, Baghdad (closed)

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added

Afghanistan

Country Profile

The Country

Geography

Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the south and east, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan to the north west, Uzbekistan to the north, Tajikistan to the north east, and China to the far north east.

The terrain of Afghanistan is largely mountainous, with plains in the north and southwest. The Hindu Kus mountains, running northeast to southwest, divide the country into three main regions – a Central Highlands which forms part of the Himalayas and occupies two thirds of the country’s area, a large Southwestern Plateau which takes up a quarter of the land, and a smaller Northern Plains area which contains the country’s most fertile soil. The land area is 652,230 square kilometres (251,827 square miles).

The country has a population of 30.4 million (2012 figures). The population is made up of 42% Pashtun, 27% Tajik, 9% Hazara, 9% Uzbek, 4% Aimaq, 3% Turkmen, 2% Baloch and 4% others. In terms of religion, 80% of the population is Sunni Muslim, 19% Shia Muslim and 1% other. The capital is Kabul.

National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Afghan History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Afghanistan
wikipedia: Afghanistan
wikipedia: History of Afghanistan

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Afghanistan.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations:
Civil aircraft in Afghanistan have used the registration prefix YA-xxx since 1929. The current official register can be found here. A historical register is found at Golden Years: Afghanistan YA-xxx

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Afghanistan listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Afghan National Army – Air Corps)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Afghan Air Force) [1924-1996]
Dostum-Gulbuddin Militia [1992-1996]
Taliban Air Force [1996-2001]
Northern Alliance [1996-2001]
Soviet Air Force in Afghanistan [1979-1989]

Central Government Agencies

Drug Enforcement (Afghan Special Narcotics Force)
Border Guard Aviation (Afghan Border Police) – no aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS service available
Police (Afghan National Police) – no aviation branch

Commercial Aviation

wikipedia: Airlines of Afghanistan
The World’s Airlines: Afghanistan

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Afghanistan

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Herat City War Memorial, Herat
Kabul International Airport Memorial, Kabul

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

No Afghan aviation magazines known.

Aviation Bibliography

Afghanistan Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

To be added.