Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas

of the Paraguayan Air Force

History

The unit was created and organized by the Paraguayan Air Force in 1962. It was officially founded on 18.3.1963 and operated three Convair CV-240.

Services included flights to Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Sao Paulo and Curitiba from the Paraguayan capital of Asuncion. The CV-240s were replaced by Lockheed L-188A/C Electra acquired from Eastern Air Lines and were used by LAP for over 20 years. In 1970, service started to Santa Cruz (Bolivia), Resistencia and Salta (Argentina) with a C-47 transferred from the Military Air Transport of the FAP. In 1972, La Paz (Bolivia) was added to LAP’s network. In 1973 a route to Lima was inaugurated and in 1978 to Santiago (Chile).

The pure jet age came in 1978 with the purchase of two Boeing 707-320 from Pan American Airways and with those services to Miami began. In 1979, services started to Madrid and Frankfurt. When another 707 was bought (1982), service to Brussels started. Due to noise restrictions, a DC-8-63 ex-Air Canada was bought in 1984 for the route to Miami. During the 1980s other routes were tried like Mexico City and Panama City, but just for a few months. In 1988, an ex-SPANTAX DC-8-61 was bought. This plane had an accident in Bs.As. in 1990 and was replaced by a leased DC-8-62 for a few months. Also in 1990, LAP received an ex-UNITED DC-8-71 followed by another similar aircraft in 1991.

In 1992 a Douglas DC-10-30 came into service. Eventually LAP received two more DC-10-30, one ex-UTA for a few months and the other ex-VARIG. Operations to US and Europe were performed by the DC-10s and regional flights with a 707 and the DC-8-63. In 1993, and for a few months, a BAe 146-300 operated in LAP on loan from the factory. Since LAP was a government losing company, attempts to privatize were not fruitful and the money losing operation was shut down in 1994.

In October of that year, it was privatised and sold to a Ecuadorian-Paraguayan Consortium, which restarted operations in February 1995 with two Boeing 737-200 for regional routes, three Airbus A.320-200 for medium range routes in South America and an Airbus A.310-300 for the route to Miami. Flights to Europe were not initiated.

This company was resold to the Brazilian TAM Group in 1996, which used only Fokker 100 jets to cover all regional destinations. The airline was renamed TAM-Mercosur (Transportes Aéreos del Mercosur). Routes to Miami and Europe were never restarted. In 2008, TAM-Mercosur was absorbed by the parent company, TAM Airlines.

Subordinate Units

None.

Aircraft

Type Qty Service Example Serials
Convair CV-240 3 1962 – 1973 ZP-CDN,ZP-CDO,ZP-CDN
Lockheed L-188 Electra 3 1969 – 1978 ZP-CBX,ZP-CBY,ZP-CBZ
Douglas R4D-1 Dakota 1 1971 – 1978 ZP-CCG
Boeing 707 3 1978 – 1994 ZP-CCE,ZP-CCF,ZP-CCG
Douglas DC-8 6 1984 – 1994 ZP-CCH,ZP-CCR,N8072U,N8079U,N810BN,N8974U
Douglas DC-10 3 1992 – 1994 N602DC,F-BTDB,PP-VMX
British Aerospace BAe 146-300 1 1993 – 1994 ZP-CCY


Unit Markings

Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas


Main Bases

Base Duration
Base Aérea Silvio Pettirossi IAP/Asunción 1962 – 1994


Photographs

None currently available.

More Information

References

Other Sources

To be added.

Transporte Aéreo Militar

of the Paraguayan Air Force

History

The unit was formed on 10.3.1954 with one DC-3 Dakota to increase the transportation capabilities for passengers, mail and cargo, while at the same time intensifying the training of military pilots. TAM made scheduled flights throughout Paraguay. Many aircraft are jointly used by the Transporte Aéreo Militar (TAM) and the Grupo de Transporte Aéreo. During the next years the TAM received about 30 C-47 Dakota aircraft. All the transport airplanes changed their serial system in 1980, from “T” to a four digit number system. Due to economic crisis in Paraguay the unit was disbanded in August 1998.

Subordinate Units

None.

Aircraft

Type Qty Service Example Serials
Douglas C-47 Dakota 34 1954 – 1998 T-21,23,25,27,33,35,37,41,43,45,47,49,51,53,

55,57,59,61,63,65,67,69,71,73,75,77,79,81,83,

85,2003-2028,2030,2032,2034

Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina 2 1955 – 1988 T-29,31
Convair CV-240 1 1963 – 1969 T-63
Douglas DC-6B 3 1975 – 1988 4001-4003
Convair C-131D Samaritan 1 1976 – 1989 2001
CASA C-212 Aviocar 5 1984 – 1998 2027,2029,2031,2033,2035


Unit Markings

Transporte Aéreo Militar (TAM)


Main Bases

Base Duration
Base Aérea Silvio Pettirossi IAP/Asunción 1954 – 1998


Photographs

None currently available.

More Information

References

  • World Air Forces Directory 2006/2007 (Ian Carroll)

Other Sources

To be added.

Lineas Aéreas de Transporte Nacional

of the Paraguayan Air Force

History

The unit was formed on 12.7.1944. But it was not until August 1945, when the airline started operations with some aircraft from the Paraguay Air Force (FAP). The main operations base at that time was Base Aérea Ñu-Guazú, as the was no commercial airport operational in Asunción. In 1947 seven Stinson aircraft replaced the Travel Air and Breda aircraft. During the revolution LATN had to stop operations from March 8, 1947 until September 9, 1947. In 1950 the center of operations was shifted to the Aeroclub of Paraguay at Kilometer 5 on Route Mariscal Estigarribia but the airline moved another time in 1951 to its permanent base at the Asunción International Airport. During the next years LATN many some additional aircraft. Due to financial problems the government decided in May 1989 to transfer all aircraft to the Grupo Aéreo de Transporte Especiales of the FAP. But it was only in 1991, when the assets of LATN were restored from aircraft received from the FAP. It was only four years later, when the airline had financial problems again and the government decided to liquidate the company and auctioned off all airline assets in 1995.

Subordinate Units

None.

Aircraft

Type Qty Service Example Serials
Consolidated Fleet 2 3 1931 – 1966 ZP-TAE,TAF,TAG
Breda Ba.44 1 1933 – 1947 T-15
Travel Air 6000 2 1945 – 1947 ZP-SEC,SED
Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli 2 1939 – n/a ZP-TAL,TAM
Stinson 108 Voyager 2 1947 – 1950 ZP-CAA,CAB
Stinson SR-10 Reliant 5 1947 – 1950 ZP-CAC,CAD,CAE,CAF,CAG
Aeronca Chief 11A 1 n/a – n/a ZP-TCF
Aeronca Sedan 15AC 4 1950 – n/a ZP-CAH,CAI,CAJ,CAK
Beech C35/D35/S35/A36 Bonanza 10/1/2/1 1951 – 1995 ZP-CAL,CAM,TAO,TAP,TAQ,TAR,TAV,TAW,TAX,TAZ,TBB
Piper PA-22 Tri-Pacer 4 1953 – n/a ZP-CAN,CAO,CAP,CAQ
Noorduyn UC-64A Norseman 5 1954 – n/a ZP-CAV,CAW,CAX,CAY,CAZ
Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina 2 1955 – 1988 ZP-CBA,CBB
Beech UC-45F Expeditor 8 n/a – n/a ZP-CBF,CBG,CBH,CBI,CBJ,CCB,TBG
Cessna 185 (U-17A) Skywagon 2 1961 – n/a ZP-CAF,CBE
Beech C33 Debonair 3 n/a – 1995 ZP-CAU(2),CAW(2),TWC
Cessna U-206G Stationair 5 1990 – 1992 ZP-CBR,CBS,CBU,CBV,CCA
Cessna 180 1 n/a – n/a ZP-CBW
Cessna 207 7 n/a – 1995 ZP-CCB(3),CCC,CCD,CCI,CCM,CCN, CCO
Cessna 402B Utililiner 1 n/a – n/a ZP-CCL


Unit Markings

Figure 1
To be added


Main Bases

Base Duration
Base Aérea Ñu-Guazú/Asunción 1944 – 1950
Route Mariscal Estigarribia/Asunción 1950 – 1951
Base Aérea Silvio Pettirossi IAP/Asunción 1951 – 1995


Photographs

None currently available.

More Information

References

Other Sources

To be added.

Servicio Aeronaval

of the Paraguayan Navy

History

The Servicio Aeronaval (SAN) was created in 1966 with two JRF-5 and one JRF-6. The idea was born to create a sort of an aerial transport service for passengers, mail and small cargo, similar to that of the Transporte Aéreo Militar (TAM). The Navy had the need to have fast and direct communications and transportation to its installations located in far away corners of the country while at the same time they had to keep the ongoing training for the naval pilots and also to be able to train new pilots. During 1968 the Grumman aircraft were replaced with some Cessna aircraft. The service was disbanded in 1981.



Subordinate Units

None.

Aircraft

Type Qty Service Example Serials
Grumman JRF-6B Goose 1 1966 – 1968 128
Cessna 206 Stationair 4 1966 – 1981 130-133
Cessna 210 Centurion 2 1974 – 1981 134,136
Douglas C-47 Dakota 1 1979 – 1981 T-26


Unit Markings

Figure 1
To be added


Main Bases

Base Duration
Arsenal de Marina/Puerto Sajonia 1966 – 1981


Photographs

None currently available.

More Information

References

Other Sources

To be added.