Country Profile

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
(Jomhuriye Eslamiye Afganistan)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
19 August 1919
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
41 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
46 of 242 in the World

The Country


Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the south and east, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan to the north west, Uzbekistan to the north, Tajikistan to the north east, and China to the far north east.

The terrain of Afghanistan is largely mountainous, with plains in the north and southwest. The Hindu Kus mountains, running northeast to southwest, divide the country into three main regions – a Central Highlands which forms part of the Himalayas and occupies two thirds of the country’s area, a large Southwestern Plateau which takes up a quarter of the land, and a smaller Northern Plains area which contains the country’s most fertile soil. The land area is 652,230 square kilometres (251,827 square miles).

The country has a population of 30.4 million (2012 figures). The population is made up of 42% Pashtun, 27% Tajik, 9% Hazara, 9% Uzbek, 4% Aimaq, 3% Turkmen, 2% Baloch and 4% others. In terms of religion, 80% of the population is Sunni Muslim, 19% Shia Muslim and 1% other. The capital is Kabul.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Afghan History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Afghanistan
wikipedia: Afghanistan
wikipedia: History of Afghanistan


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Afghanistan.


Civil Aircraft Registrations:
Civil aircraft in Afghanistan have used the registration prefix YA-xxx since 1929.

All-time Afghanistan – civil aircraft register (Y-Aaa YA-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Afghan National Army – Air Corps)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Afghan Air Force) [1924-1996]
Dostum-Gulbuddin Militia [1992-1996]
Taliban Air Force [1996-2001]
Northern Alliance [1996-2001]
Soviet Air Force in Afghanistan [1979-1989]

Central Government Agencies

Drug Enforcement (Afghan Special Narcotics Force)
Border Guard Aviation (Afghan Border Police) – no aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS service available
Police (Afghan National Police) – no aviation branch

Commercial Aviation

wikipedia: Airlines of Afghanistan
The World’s Airlines: Afghanistan

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Afghanistan

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Herat City War Memorial, Herat
Kabul International Airport Memorial, Kabul

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

No Afghan aviation magazines known.

Aviation Bibliography

Afghanistan Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

To be added.

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