Country Profile

Republic of Argentina
(República Argentina)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
09 July 1816
Capital City:
Buenos Aires
Total Area Ranking:
8 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
31 of 242 in the World

The Country


Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua (22,834 ft, 6,960 m) is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. Argentina is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, and by Uruguay and Brazil on the east. The northern area is the swampy and partly wooded Gran Chaco, bordering Bolivia and Paraguay. South of that are the rolling, fertile Pampas, which are rich in agriculture and sheep- and cattle-grazing and support most of the population. Further south is Patagonia, a region of cool, arid steppes with some wooded and fertile sections. It is located between 53° to 75° western geographic longitude and 22° to 55° southern geographic latitude and has an area of 2,766,890 square kilometres (1,068,296 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital, Buenos Aires, are about 58°23′ W and 34°37′ S.

Loading map...


National History

Wikipedia – Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Argentinian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Argentina
World Travel Guide – South America – Argentina
wikipedia: Argentina
wikipedia: History of Argentina
Governments on the WWW: Argentina


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Argentina.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘R-A’ was used from 1924 to 1929; eg:R-ACJA.
The registration prefix ‘R-‘ was used from 1929 to 1932; eg:R-1 to R-350.
The registration prefix ‘LV-‘ is used from 1932 to present; eg:LV-AAC to LV-ZEM.

All-time Argentina – civil aircraft register (R-Aaa R-aaa LV-aaa LQ-aaa)
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina)
Naval Aviation (Comando de la Aviación Naval Argentina)
Army Aviation (Comando de Aviación del Ejército)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Gobierno Nacional)
Coast Guard Aviation (Servicio de Aviación de Prefectura Naval Argentina)
Gendarmerie/Border Guard Aviation (Gendarmeria Nacional Argentina)

Regional Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Gobierno de Buenos Aires)
Government Aviation (Gobierno de Cordoba)
Government Aviation (Gobierno de Neuquen)
Government Aviation (Gobierno de Salta)
Government Aviation (Gobierno de Santa Fe)
Government Aviation (Gobierno de Santiago del Estero)
Government Aviation (Gobierno de Tierra del Fuego)
Government Aviation (Gobierno del Chaco)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – helicopter medical rescue services are provided by the Police
Police Aviation (Policia de la Provincia de Cordoba)
Police Aviation (Policia de la Provincia de Buenos Aires)
Police Aviation (Policia de la Provincia de Entre Rios)
Police Aviation (Policia de la Provincia de Mendoza)
Federal Police Aviation (Policía Federal Argentina)
Firefighting Aviation (Alaire/AeroFlight SA)

Commercial Aviation

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerotransportes Entre Rios
Air Plus Argentina SA
American Falcon SA
Blue Airlines SA
CATA Linea Aerea
Lineas Aereas del Estado (LADE)
Lineas Aereas Privadas Argentinas SA (LAPA)
Santa Barbara Airlines
Servicios De Transportes Aereos Fueguinos SA
Southern Winds Airlines SA
TAPSA Aviacion
Transporte Aereo Rioplatenese
Transporteo Aereos Neuquen

wikipedia: Airlines of Argentina
The World’s Airlines: Argentina

Private Aviation

To be added.


Aircraft Manufacturers

Aero Boero
Cicaré Helicópteros

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields Listing
Airports in Argentina

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Complejo Museografico Enrique Udaondo, Lujan
Museo de la Aviación Naval, Base Aeronaval Comandante Espora, Bahia Blanca
Museo de la Industria, Cordoba
Museo Histórico de la Prefectura Naval Argentina, Tigre
Museo Histórico del Ejército, Ciudadela

Museo Nacional de Aeronáutico, Base Aérea Militar Móron
Museo Nacional Malvinas, Oliva
Museo Naval de la Nacion, Tigre
Museo Naval Fuerte Barragan, Ensenada
Museo Technologico Aeroespacial, Las Higueras

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Argentina

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)

Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

The Falklands War – Then and Now (Gordon Ramsey)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

World Air Power Journal 31, p. 146-152

World Air Power Journal 33, p. 25

Web Links

Línea Ala

Argentine Civil Aircraft Register Book

Leave a Comment