Belgium

Country Profile
 

Kingdom of Belgium
(Koninkrijk België/Royaume de Belgique)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
Capital City:
Brussels
Total Area Ranking:
140 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
75 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Belgium is located in Western Europe on the southern shore of the North Sea. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the south and west and the North Sea to the northwest. It’s strategic location on key Western European trade routes has made the area both prosperous and a battleground in time of war.
The country is divided by the valley of the Meuse and Sambre rivers into two major regions. To the northwest is a generally level costal plain which is drained by numerous canals. To the southeast lies the Ardennes – a forested plateau some 1200-1500 ft (370-460 m) above sea level, broken by several river valleys The total land area is 32,820 sq km (12,672 sq miles).
The Population of 10.2 million (2000 figure) comprises two main ethnic groups. The Germanic, Flemish-speaking Flemings of the north and Celtic, French-speaking Walloons of the south. Flemish is a derivative of Dutch. 58% of the population are Flemings and 33% Walloons. In addition to a small native German minority, there is a significant immigrant population of Moroccan, Italian and other groups, making up 9% of the total. Some 88% of the people are Roman Catholics, 2% Muslim and 10% other faiths. The capital city is Brussels.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Belgian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Belgium
Yahoo Belgium page
wikipedia: Belgium
wikipedia: History of Belgium

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Belgium.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Belgian civil aircraft were registered in the series O-BAAA onwards from 1919, but this changed to OO-AAA onwards in 1929. After WW2 the OO- register was re-established. Military aircraft callsigns are in the OT-AAA and onwards sequence.

An incomplete all-time Belgian civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Luchtcomposant/Composant Aèrienne)
Naval Aviation (Marine Component/Composante Marine)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (L’Aeronautique Militaire Belge) [1916-1940]
Army Aviation (Licht Vliegwezen/Aviation Legere) [1947-2004]
Colonial Policing (Aviation de la Force Publique) [1941-1960]

Central Government Agencies

Air Cadets (De Luchtcadetten van Belgie/Les Cadets del’Air de Belgique)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation
Police (Police Fédérale/Federale Politie)

Commercial Aviation

Air Belgium
Brussels Airlines
City Bird [1996-2001]
Delta Air Transport
European Air Transport
SABENA [1923-2001]
Sobelair [1946-2004]
Thomas Cook Airlines
VLM
Virgin Express

wikipedia: Airlines of Belgium
Belgian Commercial Airlines
The World’s Airlines: Belgium

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Avions Fairey
Renard
SABCA
Stampe & Vertongen

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Belgium

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Brussels Air Museum
Koninklijke Legermuseum
Musee Colonel Aviateur R Lallement
Musee de la Base de Bierset
Stampe & Vertongen Museum

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Belgium

Aviation Bibliography

Belgian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Luchtzak Aviation
Belgian aviation discussion forum

Books Belgian Aviation
Short bibliography of Belgian aviation books

BAHA – Belgian Aviation History Association
Lots of information on Belgian civil and military aviation

Aviation Society of Antwerp
Society and aviation enthusiast info

Brussels Air Museum Foundation
Links to Belgian aviation history websites

Aviation Heritage in Belgium
Photos of aircraft in Belgian aviation museums

Belgian Aviation Heritage Library
Collection of historical aviation photos

Aviation Museums Belgium
Visitor data and exhibits for each location

flyforfun.be
Belgian leisure aviation portal

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