Brazil

Country Profile
 

Federative Republic of Brazil
(Republica Federativa do Brasil)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
29 August 1825
Capital City:
Brasilia
Total Area Ranking:
5 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
5 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Brazil is a country in the eastern region of South America. It is bordered by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana in the north, Colombia to the north west, Peru and Bolivia to the west, Paraguay and Argentina to the south west, and Uruguay to the south. To the east is the South Atlantic Ocean. Brazil also includes numerous small islands and archipelagos.

The terrain of Brazil is extremely diverse, and can be grouped into five main regions. The largest is the Amazon basin, covering more than one third of the country. Covered also entirely with tropical rain forest. The mighty Amazon river originates in the Andes and flows 3,600 km (2,200 miles) west to east into the Atlantic Ocean. In contrast, the north-east is semi-desert scrubland and most of the population live on the coast. Further south is the country’s vast central plateau, mostly covered with savannah grassland and scattered trees and averaging 1,000 m (3,281 ft) in elevation. Further east the Serra do Espinhaço mountains north of Rio de Janeiro, and the Serra do Mar mountains south of the city run parallel to the coast and can reach up to 2000 m (6,562 ft). The coastal plain here is very narrow. The southern-most region features fertile lowland plains, mostly covered with pampas grasslands.

Brazil has a total land area of 8,515,767 sq km (3,287,597 sq miles), 47% of the continent of South America, and had a population of 201 million in 2013. The main ethnic groups are White 47.7%, Pardo (Mixed race) 43.1%, Black 7.6%, Asian 1.1% and Amerindian 0.4%. The capital city is Brasilia, in the Federal District state.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Brazilian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Brazil
World Travel Guide – South America – Brazil
wikipedia: Brazil
wikipedia: History of Brazil
Library of Congress / Area Handbook Series / Brazil
Governments on the WWW: Brazil

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Brazil.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘P-B’ was used from 1919 to 1932.
The registration prefix ‘PP-‘ is used from 1932 to the present.
The registration prefix ‘PT-‘ is used from 1932 to present.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Brazil listing is here.
Golden Years: Brazil P-B
Golden Years: Brazil PP-
Registro Aeronáutico Brasileiro – unofficial
Official ANAC register page

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Força Aérea Brasileira)
Naval Aviation (Força Aeronaval de Marinha do Brasil)
Army Aviation (Aviação do Exercito Brasileiro)

Central Government Agencies

Government aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Environment Aviation (IBAMA)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are perfomed by the Navy
Treasury Service – Receita Federal

Regional Government Agencies

State of Goiás
State of Sergipe

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (SAMU)
Firefighting Aviation (Military Firefighters Corps)
Police Aviation (Policia Militar)
Police Aviation (Policia Federal)
Police Aviation (Polícia Rodoviária Federal)
Policia Civil de Rio de Janeiro
Policia Civil de Goiás
Polícia Civil de São Paulo

Commercial Aviation

To be added

wikipedia: Airlines of Brazil
The World’s Airlines: Brazil

Private Aviation

To be added.

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Aero Bravo
Aerotec
CNNA
CAP
Embraer
Helibras
Neiva
Microleve

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields Listing
Airports in Brazil

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Fundacao Museu de Tecnologia de Sao Paulo
Museu Aeroespacial, Rio de Janiero
Museu Asas de um Sonho, Sao Carlos
Museu de Armas, Veiculos Motorizados e Avioes Antigos Eduardo Andre Matarazzo, Bebeduoro
Museu de Cabangu – Santos Dumont, Santos Dumont
Museu de Tecnologia da Ulbra, Canoas
Museu do Expedicionario, Curitiba
Submarino Museu Riachuelo, Rio de Janiero

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Brazil

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

Web Links

To be added

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One thought on “Brazil

  1. Date of Independence:15 August 1971
    Total Area Ranking:184th in the World
    Population Size Ranking:158th in the World
    GDP Ranking:97th in the World

    Above data is wrong!
    Here are the facts:
    Date of Independence: Sept 07, 1822
    Total Area Ranking: 5th in the World
    Population Size Ranking: 5th in the World
    GDP Ranking:6th in the World, just behind the UK (we were 5th last year and will go back to 5th in 2013!)
    Please correct!

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