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|Date of Independence:|
|29 August 1825|
|Total Area Ranking:|
|5 of 236 in the World|
|Population Size Ranking:|
|5 of 242 in the World|
Brazil is a country in the eastern region of South America. It is bordered by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana in the north, Colombia to the north west, Peru and Bolivia to the west, Paraguay and Argentina to the south west, and Uruguay to the south. To the east is the South Atlantic Ocean. Brazil also includes numerous small islands and archipelagos.
The terrain of Brazil is extremely diverse, and can be grouped into five main regions. The largest is the Amazon basin, covering more than one third of the country. Covered also entirely with tropical rain forest. The mighty Amazon river originates in the Andes and flows 3,600 km (2,200 miles) west to east into the Atlantic Ocean. In contrast, the north-east is semi-desert scrubland and most of the population live on the coast. Further south is the country’s vast central plateau, mostly covered with savannah grassland and scattered trees and averaging 1,000 m (3,281 ft) in elevation. Further east the Serra do Espinhaço mountains north of Rio de Janeiro, and the Serra do Mar mountains south of the city run parallel to the coast and can reach up to 2000 m (6,562 ft). The coastal plain here is very narrow. The southern-most region features fertile lowland plains, mostly covered with pampas grasslands.
Brazil has a total land area of 8,515,767 sq km (3,287,597 sq miles), 47% of the continent of South America, and had a population of 201 million in 2013. The main ethnic groups are White 47.7%, Pardo (Mixed race) 43.1%, Black 7.6%, Asian 1.1% and Amerindian 0.4%. The capital city is Brasilia, in the Federal District state.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Brazil.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
The registration prefix ‘P-B’ was used from 1919 to 1932.
The registration prefix ‘PP-‘ is used from 1932 to the present.
The registration prefix ‘PT-‘ is used from 1932 to present.
Military Air Arms
Central Government Agencies
Government aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Environment Aviation (IBAMA)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are perfomed by the Navy
Treasury Service – Receita Federal
Regional Government Agencies
State of Goiás
State of Sergipe
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation (SAMU)
Firefighting Aviation (Military Firefighters Corps)
Police Aviation (Policia Militar)
Police Aviation (Policia Federal)
Police Aviation (Polícia Rodoviária Federal)
Policia Civil de Rio de Janeiro
Policia Civil de Goiás
Polícia Civil de São Paulo
To be added
To be added.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Fundacao Museu de Tecnologia de Sao Paulo
Museu Aeroespacial, Rio de Janiero
Museu Asas de um Sonho, Sao Carlos
Museu de Armas, Veiculos Motorizados e Avioes Antigos Eduardo Andre Matarazzo, Bebeduoro
Museu de Cabangu – Santos Dumont, Santos Dumont
Museu de Tecnologia da Ulbra, Canoas
Museu do Expedicionario, Curitiba
Submarino Museu Riachuelo, Rio de Janiero
Key Airshow Dates
Magazines Guide for Brazil
Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)
Air Arsenal North America (Phil Butler)
Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)
Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)
Latin American Air Wars and Aircraft 1912-1969 (Dan Hagedorn)
Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)
Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)
World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)
Military Balance (IISS)
To be added