Country Profile


Key Facts

Date of Independence:
11 December 1931
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
2 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
35 of 242 in the World

The Country


The world’s second largest country (after Russia), Canada occupies the northern portion of the North American continent. It stretches for some 5,000 km (3,100 miles) from the Pacific seaboard to Newfoundland, and 4,000 km (2,800 miles) from Ellesmere Island in the Arctic Circle to the US border. The total land area is 9,220,970 sq km (3,560,217 sq miles).
It is bordered by the USA (Alaska) to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the south west, the USA to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north. In topography, Canada resembles a giant saucer, with the Hudson Bay depression at the centre, the Rocky Mountains forming the western rim and the Laurentian Mountains the eastern rim. The Great Lakes and the St Lawrence River provide a key trade route for ocean-going ships, with access from the Gulf of St Lawrence. The region is rich in mineral resources and oil and gas reserves, while the prairies in the southern part of the Central Lowlands are very fertile and ideal for farming.
The Population of 32.9 million (2007 figure) comprises 44% of British origin, 25% of French origin, 20% other European, 4% indigenous indian/Innuit and 7% other. Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 200 km of the border with the United States. The French-speaking population is geographically concentrated in the Quebec region. Some 41% of the people are Protestants, 47% Roman Catholic and 12% non-religious. The capital city is Ottowa.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Canadian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Canada
World Travel Guide – North America – Canada
wikipedia: Canada
wikipedia: History of Canada


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Canada.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Canadian civil aircraft were registered in the series G-CAAA onwards from June 1920, but this changed to CF-AAA onwards in 1929, and to C-FAAA and C-GAAA onwards in 1974. The sequence C-IAAA onwards is reserved for microlights. Aircraft in Newfoundland used the sequence VO-AAA onwards 1929-1958.

All-time Canada – civil aircraft register (G-Caaa CF-aaa C-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Royal Canadian Air Force)

Historical military air arms-
Naval Aviation (Royal Canadian Navy) [1945-1967]
Army Aviation (Canadian Army) [1947-1967]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Coast Guard Aviation (Canadian Coast Guard)
Aviation Regulation (Transport Canada)
Fishery Patrol (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
Science Aviation (National Research Council)

Regional Government Agencies

Ontario Ministry of Health
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

Forest Firefighting:
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
Northwest Territories
British Colombia

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation: wikipedia: Air Ambulances in Canada
Medical Aviation (ORNGE)
Medical Aviation (STARS Air Ambulance)

Gendarmerie Police (Royal Canadian Mounted Police)
Regional Police:
Ontario Provincial Police
Sûreté du Québec
Calgary Police Service
Edmonton Police
Durham Regional Police Service
York Regional Police

Commercial Aviation

Air Canada
Air Labrador
Buffalo Airways
Canada 3000 Airlines
Canadian Airlines International
CHC – Canadian Helicopter Corporation
First Air
Harbour Air
Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter
Kenn Borek Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Canada
The World’s Airlines: Canada

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Avro Canada
Canadian Car & Foundary
Canadian Vickers
De Havilland Canada
Symphony Aircraft
Victory Aircraft
Viking Air

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Canada

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Aviation Museum Locator

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Canada

Aviation Bibliography

Canadian Aviation Bibliography

Web Links
Portal for news & information on Canadian aviation

Transport Canada – Civil Aviation
The official government website – includes civil aircraft register

Canada’s Aviation Hall of Fame
Profiles of worthy Canadian aviation personalities

Airports in Canada
Links, photos and location data for Canadian land and water landing places.

Wings Over Canada
TV/DVD documentary series on aviation in Canada

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