Country Profile

Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
(Noxc̈iyn Pac̈ẋalq Noxc̈iyc̈ó)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
01 November 1991
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
n/a of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
n/a of 242 in the World

The Country


Chechnya was an independent country, between 1991 and 2000, located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, where Western Asia and Eastern Europe meet. It had borders with Russia to the north, east and west, and with Georgia to the south.

The terrain of Chechnya can be divided into three main areas. The northern half is a flat grassy plain with the Terek river running east-west through the centre. Further south is a heavily forested hilly region, which rises to the Greater Caucasus Mountains along the border with Georgia. The land area was 17,300 square kilometres (6,679 square miles).

The country had a population of 1.05 million (1991 figures). The population was made up of 93.5% Chechen, 3.7% Russian, 0.8% Kumyk and 2.0% others. In terms of religion, 96.0% of the population was Sunni Moslem, 4% Christian Orthodox. The capital was Grozny.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Chechnya History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Chechnya
wikipedia: Chechnya
wikipedia: Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
wikipedia: History of Chechnya


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Chechnya.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration sequence used by civil aircraft in Chechnya is not known.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current Air Arms:
None at present

Historical Air Arms:
Air Force (Chechen Air Force) [1992-1994]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport was provided by the Air Force
Border Guard (Chechnya Border Guard) – no aviation unit?

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue was available during the independence period
Police (Chechen Police) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

The only airline operated in independent Chechnya appears to have been STIGL (Grozni United Air Detachment), which operated some Tu-134s 1992-1996. It was previously the North Kavkaz Civil Aviation Directorate, which existed for a short while in 1992. The fleet of STIGL was mostly destroyed during the Russian invasion in 1994.

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Chechnya

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

None at present

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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