Costa Rica

Country Profile

Republic of Costa Rica
(República de Costa Rica)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
15 September 1838
Capital City:
San Jose
Total Area Ranking:
129 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
123 of 242 in the World

The Country


Costa Rica lies between Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. It is located between 82° to 86° western geographic longitude and 8° to 11° northern geographic latitude. Cocos Island (26 square kilometers ;  10 square miles), about 483 kilometers (300 miles) off the Pacific Coast, is under Costa Rica sovereignty. The latitude and longitude of the capital, San
Jose, are about 84°05′ W and 9°58′ N. The country has an area of 51,100 square kilometres (19,730 square miles).

Loading map...


National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Costa Rican History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Costa Rica
World Travel Guide – North America – Costa Rica
wikipedia: Costa Rica
wikipedia: History of Costa Rica
Info Costa Rica
HispanoLink: Costa Rica


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Costa Rica.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘K-C’ was used from 1925 until 1929.
The registration prefix ‘TI-‘ has been used since 1929, eg: TI-001[-L] to TI-999[-L]

All-time Costa Rica – civil aircraft register (K-Caa TI-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Costarricense) [1947-1955]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by chartered commercial operators
Security Aviation (Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea – SVA)
Gendarmerie Aviation (Guardia Civil) – see SVA for aviation element. [1949-1996]
Coast Guard Aviation – the Coast Guard is a branch of the Guardia Civil. No separate aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter medical rescue service
Police Aviation (Fuerza Publica) – aviation support is provided by the SVA

Commercial Aviation

Lacsa Costa Rica
Nature Air
Grupo Taca
(Airlines included are Central American airlines Aviateca of Guatemala, Costa Rica’s Lacsa, Nicaragua’s Nica, Taca International from El Salvador and Taca from Honduras.)
wikipedia: Airlines of Costa Rica
The World’s Airlines: Costa Rica

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Buenos Aires (IATA code: BAI)
Barra Colorado (IATA code: BCL)
Canas (IATA code: CSC)
Carrillo (IATA code: RIK)
Coto 47 (IATA code: OTR)
Golfito (IATA code: GLF)
Guapiles (IATA code: GPL)
Las Canas (IATA code: LCS)
Limon (IATA code: LIO)
Liberia: Daniel Oduber IAP (IATA code: LIR)
Los Chiles (IATA code: LSL)
Nicoya (IATA code: NCT)
Nosara Beach (IATA code: NOM)
Palmar (IATA code: PMZ)
Playa Samara (IATA code: PLD)
Puerto Jimenez (IATA code: PJM)
Quepos (IATA code: XQP)
Rio Frio (IATA code: RFR)
San Jose: El Coco (IATA code: OCO)
San Jose: Juan Santamaria IAP (IATA code: SJO)
Santa Cruz (IATA code: SZC)
Tamarindo (IATA code: TNO)
Tambor (IATA code: TMU)
Tortuquero (IATA code: TTQ)
Upala (IATA code: UPL)
Airports in Costa Rica

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museo de Aviacion, San Jose International Airport
Museo de los Ninos, San Jose

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None at present

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

Military Balance (IISS)

World Air Power Journal No.32 p. 142-143

Web Links

Costa Rica Aviation

Leave a Comment