Cyprus

Country Profile
 

Republic of Cyprus
(Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyet)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
16 August 1960
Capital City:
Nicosia
Total Area Ranking:
168 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
159 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Cyprus is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, located 40 miles (64 km) south of Turkey and 60 miles (97 km) west of Syria. The island consists of two east-west running mountain ranges the Kyrenia Mountains in the north and the Troödos Mountains in the south, separated by a wide fertile pain, the Mesaoria, which is open to the sea at both ends. The Troödos range includes Mount Olympus, which rises to 6,406 feet (1953m), the island’s highest point.

The island has a total area of 3,752 sq miles (9,251 sq km) and a population in 2000 of 766,000 – comprising 77% Greek, 18% Turkish and 5 % other ethnic origin. The Greek Cypriots are mostly Orthodox Christian – although Armenians and Maronites are also represented. The Turkish Cypriots are Moslems.

After the Turkish invasion of 1974, the island was partitioned into two separate states, with the border (‘Green Line’) running approximately between Lefke in the west and Famagusta in the east, straight through the capital city – Nicosia.

Republic of Cyprus (Kypriaki Dimokratia)
The Republic of Cyprus occupies the southern two thirds of the island, and is overwhelmingly Greek Cypriot. The capital is Nicosia. The land area is 2457 sq miles (5,896 sq km), with a population of 573,000 in 1991.

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Kibris Cumhuriyeti)
The TRNC occupies the northern third of the island, with a mainly Turkish Cypriot population. After 1974 several thousand Turks from the mainland were also settled on the island The capital is Lefkosia (northern Nicosia). The land area is 1295 sq miles (3355 sq km), with a population of 175,000 in 1991.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Cypriot History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Cyprus
wikipedia: Cyprus
wikipedia: History of Cyprus
Country Study for Cyprus
Occupied Cyprus Project
Cyprus Timeline
The Cyprus Conflict
TRNC Public Information Office
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus – Info & History
Britain’s Small Wars
The Official UNFICYP website

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Cyprus.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Under British administration the registration sequence VQ-Cxx was used 1952-1960. Upon independence in 1960, the registration prefix 5B-xxx was adopted, eg: 5B-DBB.

The official register site is Department of Civil Aviation
An incomplete all-time Cypriot civil aircraft register listing is here.
Other online registers are:
Civil Aircraft Register of the Republic of Cyprus
Complete (Historical) Civil Rotorcraft Register of Cyprus

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Cyprus Air Command)
Security Aviation (Turkish Cypriot Security Forces Command)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Cyprus Government Aviation Unit)
Forestry Aviation (
Department of Forests)

Public Service Aviation

Police Aviation (Cyprus Police)

Commercial Aviation

Cyprus Airways
Eurocypria Airlines
Cyprus Turkish Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of Cyprus
The World’s Airlines: Cyprus

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Southern Cyprus:
Episkopi (EPK)
Larnaca International (LCA) Spotting info

Pafos/Paphos International (PFO)

Northern Cyprus:
Ercan (ECN)
Gecitkale (GEC)
Airports in Cyprus

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

There is a small aviation museum at Paphos Airport.

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

See the magazine pages for Greece and Turkey

Aviation Bibliography

Cypriot Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Web Links

La Fuerza Aérea Argentina en UNFICYP
* Argentine Air Force UNFICYP page

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