East Germany

Country Profile

German Democratic Republic
(Deutsche Demokratische Republik)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
7 October 1949
Capital City:
East Berlin
Total Area Ranking:
n/a of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
n/a of 242 in the World

The Country


Between 1949 and 1990, Germany was formally partitioned into two nations: East Germany and West Germany. Aviation in West Germany is covered on the main Germany page.

East Germany was located in the northern part of Western Europe. It was bordered by West Germany to the west, the Baltic Sea to the north, Poland to the east and Czechoslovakia to the south. Before 1990 it was easily the most prosperous and highly developed of the nations of Eastern Europe.

The country was made up of two main areas – the North European Lowlands and the Central German Highlands. Forming the majority of the country, the Lowlands include the coastal plain, a range of low rolling hills and lakes, and a band of very fertile across the centre of the country. The Highlands in the south comprise the Erzgebirge mountains which partly define the Czechoslovak frontier, the Thüringer Wald (Thuringian Forest) – a range of tree-covered ancient eroded mountains running northwest to southeast along the Bavarian border (with West Germany) and the Harz mountains further to the north, which also formed part of the border with West Germany. The total land area was 108,178 sq km (41,768 sq miles).

The Population of 16.1 million (1990 figure) was 99.8% German, 0.2% Sorbs. 64% of the population was Atheist/Agnostic, 30% Protestant and 6% Roman Catholic. The capital city was (East) Berlin.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in East German History

Further National Information

wikipedia: East Germany
wikipedia: History of East Germany


Text to be added on the development of aviation in East Germany.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

East German civil aircraft were registered in the series DDR-xxxx onwards from 1952 until 1956. In 1956, registrations switched to the DM-xxx letter sequence. In 1981 registrations switched back to the DDR-xxx sequence, and the prefix was retained until unification in 1990.

All-time East Germany – civil aircraft register (DDR-aaa DM-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Luftstreitkräfte)
Naval Aviation (Volksmarine)
Army Aviation (Fliegerkräfte der Landstreitkrafte der NVA)
Soviet Air Force in East Germany

Central Government Agencies

Border Guards (Grenztruppen)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation
National Police (Volkspolizei)

Commercial Aviation

Deutsche Lufthansa der DDR [1955-1963]
DDR-Agrarflug [1960-1990]
Interflug [1963-1991]
Additional Interflug websites:
Fly Interflug

The World’s Airlines: East Germany

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

VEB, Dresden

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Germany

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Links to Aviation Museums in Germany
Aviation Museums in Austria, Germany and Switzerland

Aviation Museums Germany

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Germany

Aviation Bibliography

German Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

wikipedia: Berlin-Schonefeld Airport

Dresden Aiport

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