El Salvador

Country Profile

Republic of El Salvador
(República de El Salvador)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
13 November 1898
Capital City:
San Salvador
Total Area Ranking:
152 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
108 of 242 in the World

The Country


Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador has Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. It is the smallest of the Central American countries and the only one without an Atlantic coastline. Most of the country is on a fertile volcanic plateau about 607m (2000 ft) high. It is located between 88° to 90° western geographic longitude and 13° to 15° northern geographic latitude and has an area of 21,041 square kilometres (8,124 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital, San Salvador, are about 89°11′ W and 13°42′ N.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in El Salvador History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Mauritius
World Travel Guide – North America – El Salvador
wikipedia: El Salvador
wikipedia: History of El Salvador
Library of Congress / Area Handbook Series / El Salvador
El Salvador Travel
HispanoLink: El Salvador


Text to be added on the development of aviation in El Salvador.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘YS-‘ is used from 1939 to 1957; eg:YS-1 to YS-305.
The registration prefix ‘YS-‘ is used from 1957 to present; eg:YS-001-A to YS-999-Z.

All-time El Salvador – civil aircraft register (Y-Saa YS-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the Air Force
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are performed by the Navy

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter rescue service
Police (Policia Nacional Civil Aviation Unit)

Commercial Aviation

Grupo Taca
(Airlines included are Central American airlines Aviateca of Guatemala, Costa
Rica’s Lacsa, Nicaragua’s Nica, Taca International from El Salvador and Taca
from Honduras.)

wikipedia: Airlines of El Salvador
The World’s Airlines: El Salvador

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

San Salvador / Cuscatlan IAP (IATA code: SAL)
San Salvador / Ilopango IAP (IATA code: n/a)
Airports in El Salvador

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Museo Militar de Fuerza Armada, San Salvador
Museo Nacional de Aviación / Base Aérea Ilopango, Ilopango IAP / San Salvador

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None at present

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Texan and Harvards in Latin America (Dan Hagedorn)

Latin American Fighters (Iñigo Guevara y Moyano)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

Latin-American Military Aviation (John Andrade)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

Air Power Journal 32, p.148-149

Air Forces Monthly 4/2000 p. 50-55

Web Links

Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña

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