Finland

Country Profile
 

Republic of Finland
(Suomen Tasavalta)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
6 December 1917
Capital City:
Helsinki
Total Area Ranking:
65 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
115 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

One of the most northerly countries in the world, Finland is located in the northern part of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Norway, to the west by Sweden and to the east by Russia. The southern and south-western coasts face the Baltic Sea. The northern quarter of the country is inside the Arctic Circle.
The land consists mainly of a low-lying plateau formed by ancient glaciers and is pockmarked by thousands of relatively shallow lakes. In the south these lakes take up almost 20% of the land area. Forests cover 65% of the land and forestry is a major industry. The total land area is 304,610 sq km (117,610 sq miles).
The Population of 5.2 million (2000 figure) comprises 93% of Finnish origin, with 7% other ethnic groups – including Lapps and Swedes. Some 89% of the people are Evangelical Lutherans, 1% Roman Catholic, 1% Finnish Orthodox and 9% other faiths. The capital city is Helsinki.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Finnish History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Denmark
Yahoo Finland page
wikipedia: Finland
wikipedia: History of Finland
Finland.fi

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Finland.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Finnish civil aircraft were registered in the series K-Sxxx onwards from 1923, but this changed to OH-AAA onwards in 1931.

An incomplete all-time Finnish civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Suomen Ilmavoimat)
Army Aviation (Suomen Maavoimat)

Central Government Agencies

Border Guard (Rajavartiolaitos)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – Copterline, HeliFlite
Police (Poliisi) – no aviation branch

Commercial Aviation

Air Finland
Blue1
Finnair
Finncomm Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Finland
The World’s Airlines: Finland

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Patria
Valmet
V.L.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Finland

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Hallinportti Ilmailumuseo
Kaakkois-Suomen Ilmailumuseoyhdistys
Karhulan Ilmailukerhon Lentomuseo
Keski-Suomen Ilmailumuseo
Museokoneiden Varasohangaari Lahti-Vesivehmaa
Päijät-Häme Aviation Museum
Suomen Ilmailumuseo

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Finland

Aviation Bibliography

Finnish Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

http://www.lentopaikat.net
Finnish airfields website

virtualpilots.fi
Finnish aviation-related info and photos

Finavia
Finnish airport operator

Aviation Museums Finland
Visitor data and exhibits for each location

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