Germany

Country Profile
 

Federal Republic of Germany
(Bundesrepublik Deutschland)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
18 January 1871
Capital City:
Berlin
Total Area Ranking:
63 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
16 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Germany is located in the northern part of Western Europe, with coastlines on both the Baltic and North Seas. It is bordered by nine states – Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. The most populous state in Europe after Russia, Germany is also the leading industrial power and includes some of the most fertile farmland and richest coalfields in Europe.

The country is made up of three main areas – the Northern Plain, the Central Uplands and the Bavarian Alps. The Northern Plain extends inland for about 160 km (100 miles) from the coast, and has an average height of only 90 m (295 ft) above sea level. The rolling hills of the Central Uplands are home to the major urban and industrial concentrations. The rugged Bavarian Alps are densely forested in the lower-lying regions. The total land area is 349,520 sq km (134,910 sq miles).

The Population of 82.4 million (2000 figure) is 92% German, 3% other European, 2% Turkish and 3% other ethnic groups. 35% of the population is Roman Catholic, 36% Protestant, 2% Muslim and 27% other faiths. The capital city is Berlin.

Between 1949 and 1990, the country was formally partitioned into two nations: East Germany and West Germany. Aviation in East Germany will be covered on a separate page.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in German History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Denmark
Yahoo Germany page
wikipedia: Germany
wikipedia: History of Germany

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Germany.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

German civil aircraft were registered in the series D-xxxx onwards from 1919, with the registration in numbers not letters, but this changed to letters in 1934, i.e D-AAAA onwards. Civil aircraft used by the military swapped the D- registration prefix for a WL- prefix, 1934-1945. After 1945 the D-xxxx letter sequence was resumed.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Luftwaffe)
Naval Aviation (Marineflieger)
Army Aviation (Heeresfliegertruppen)

Historical military air arms-
Naval Aviation (Marine-Fliegerabteilung) [1910-1920]
Army Aviation (Luftstreitkräfte) [1910-1920]
Freikorps Aviation [1918-1920]
Clandestine Air Force [1920-1933]
Air Force (Luftwaffe) [1934-1945]

Central Government Agencies

Coast Guard (Küstenwache) – aviation support is proved by the Navy.

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (ADAC-Luftrettung)
Medical Aviation (DRF)
National Police (Bundespolizei)
Regional Police (Landespolizei)

Commercial Aviation

Aero Lloyd [1967-2004]
Air Berlin
Augsburg Airways
Condor
Deutsche BA
Eurowings
Germania
Hapag Lloyd [1972-2007]
LTU
Lufthansa
Lufthansa Cityline
OLT
WDL

List of German airlines
The World’s Airlines: Germany

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Aircraft manufacturers of Germany

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Germany

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Links to Aviation Museums in Germany
Aviation Museums in Austria, Germany and Switzerland

Aviation Museums Germany

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Germany

Aviation Bibliography

German Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

wikipedia: Aviation in Germany
Links to relevant pages

Munich Aviation Spotter Page
Photos, news and Munich Airport info

German Aviation 1919-1945
Links and photos for German aviation subjects

German Aviation 1914-1918
Data and illustrations of some important WW1 aircraft

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