Iceland

Country Profile
 

Republic of Iceland
(Lydveldid Island)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
17 June 1944
Capital City:
Reykjavik
Total Area Ranking:
108 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Iceland is located in the north Atlantic, just south of the Arctic Circle, and is therefore Europe’s westernmost country. It’s position on the junction between the European and North American tectonic plates results in over 200 volcanoes (many of which are still active) and numerous geysers. The entire island is composed of volcanic rock, and features a large central plateau rising to an average height of 1000 m (3,281 ft), surrounded by a lower-lying coastal fringe where most of the settlements are found. Much of the coast has been eroded into deep fjords. A plain crossed by several rivers lies in the south west corner of the island, and here the capital city, Reykjavik, is situated. Some 60% of the population live in or near Reykjavik. The total land area of Iceland is 100,250 sq km (38,707 sq miles). The population numbered 277,000 in 2000. Icelanders are an ethnically homogenous society, descended from Norwegians and Celts. 93% of the population follow the Evangelical Lutheran Church.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Icelandic History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Denmark

Yahoo Iceland page
wikipedia: Iceland
wikipedia: History of Iceland
MILNET: Military Information on Iceland
Encyclopedia.com Iceland page
Cod Wars

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Iceland.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Civil aircraft in Iceland initially (from about 1930) received the country name ISLAND and a number. The registration prefix ‘TF-‘ has been used since 1937, eg: TF-ABW. Icelandic aircraft are also required to display their individual Icelandic CAA registration number externally – usually on the tail, eg: 216.
An illustrated database of TF- registered aircraft is here: The Icelandic Aircraft Database

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

[No Icelandic Armed Forces]
US Armed Forces In Iceland

Central Government Agencies

Coast Guard Aviation (Icelandic Coast Guard)
State Soil Conservation Service (Landgraedsla Rikisins)

Public Service Aviation

No Police or EMS aviation.

Commercial Aviation

Air Atlanta
Air Iceland
Eagle Air
Flugfelag Austurlands
Flugfelagid Enir
Flugtak
Helicopter Service of Iceland
Icelandair Flugledir
Islandsflug
Loftleidir Icelandic [Ceased operations]

wikipedia: Airlines of Iceland
The World’s Airlines: Iceland

Private Aviation

No organisations known.

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

No aircraft manufacturing other than homebuilts.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Air Bases and Airfields Listing
Airports in Iceland

Military Air Bases & Airfields

NAS Keflavik is the only military air base.

On Show

Aviation Museums

No dedicated aviation museum, but the following aircraft are preserved:

Olsen-Jónasson Ögnin TF-OGN in the waiting lounge in Keflavik Airport.
McDonnell F-4E Phantom “66-0300” gate guard at NAS Keflavik.
C-117D/R4D-8 17191 (c/n 43379) gate guard at Keflavik Airport.
DC-3 TF-ISB (c/n 9860) stored at Reykjavik (ex Icelandair).

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

No Icelandic aviation magazines known.

Aviation Bibliography

Icelandic Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Icelandic Aero Web
Airlines, govt agencies, homebuilts etc

Airlines & Airports
Links to Icelandic aviation related websites

Icelandic Aviation
Photos, 1999 aircraft register, flight schools, links

Runar’s Icelandic Aircraft Web
Icelandic aviation pioneers, TF- database, leased aircraft, photos, links

Aviation Photos from Iceland
Selection of superb photos taken by Baldur Sveinsson.

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