Country Profile

Republic of India
(Bharat Ganrajya)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
15 August 1947
Capital City:
New Delhi
Total Area Ranking:
7 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
2 of 242 in the World

The Country


India is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of land area, and the second largest in terms of population after China. It’s high population growth rate means that it eventually overtake China as the most populous country. The Republic of India (known as Bharat in Sanskrit) occupies most of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the East. Immediately to the south east is Sri Lanka. The Arabian Sea lies to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east. India is also responsible for the Union Territories of the Andaman and Nicobar Island groups. The disputed territory of Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since 1947.

The total land area is 1,222,243 sq miles (3,166,414 sq km). The territory comprises three main geographical regions – the Himalaya mountain range, which forms the nothern border; the flat Ganges Plain which is very fertile; and the Deccan Plateau in the south. The country stretches over 2000 km (1250 miles) north to south. The capital city is New Dehli.

The population in 1991 was 871,158,000, but by 1997 this had increased to 952,107,694 and was continuing to rise. Ethnic groups within the population comprise Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%. The Dravidians are the oldest inhabitants of the region and mainly live in the south of the country, the Indo-Aryans are later settlers living in the north and the Mongols inhabit the Himalayan region. Religous groups comprise Hindu 83%, Moslem 11%, Christian 2%, Sikh 2%, Buddhist 1% and others 1%.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Indian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: India
wikipedia: India
wikipedia: History of India


Text to be added on the development of aviation in India.


Civil Aircraft Registrations:
Under the British Empire the registration sequence G-IAAA onwards was initially used, 1919-1929. In 1929 a dedicated registration sequence for India was introduced, commencing at VT-AAA. After independence in 1947, the registration prefix VT-xxx was retained and is still used, eg: VT-EJK.

All-time India – civil aircraft register (G-Iaaa VT-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Indian Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Indian Navy)
Army Aviation (Indian Army)
Coast Guard Aviation (Indian Coast Guard)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided the Air Force for domestic travel, and aircraft chartered from Air India for overseas visits.
Border Guard Aviation (Indian Border Security Force)
Aviation Research Centre
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Directorate General of Civil Aviation
Airports Authority of India – includes Flight Inspection Unit
Geological Survey of India
India Supply Mission [Not current]
National Remote Sensing Agency

Local Government Agencies

Government of Bihar Aviation Unit
Government of Chattisgarh Aviation Unit
Government of Gujarat Aviation Unit
Government of Jammu & Kashmir Aviation Unit
Government of Madhya Pradesh Aviation Unit
Government of Maharashtra Aviation Unit
Government of Punjab Aviation Unit
Government of Rajasthan Aviation Unit
Government of Uttar Pradesh Aviation Unit
Director General of Police Hyderabad

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – Aviators Ltd is the first helicopter EMS operator in India.
Police Aviation (Central Reserve Police Force)
Police Aviation (Indian Police Service) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Indian Airlines
Air India
Air Deccan
Jet Airways
Air Sahara
Alliance Air
Pawan Hans

wikipedia: Airlines of Indian
The World’s Airlines: Portuguese India
The World’s Airlines: India

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Aeronautical Development Agency – ADA
Defence Research and Development Organisation – DRDO
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd
Indian Rotorcraft
Mahindra Aerospace
National Aerospace Laboratories
Raj Hamsa Ultralights
Taneja Aerospace & Aviation Ltd

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields-
To be added
Airports in India

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

Birla Institute of Science and Technology Museum, Pilani
Dharmasthala Town Museum, Dharmasthala
Government Gliding Centre Collection, Hadapsar
Government Museum, Jaisalmer
Hindustan Aerospace Heritage Center and Aerospace Museum, Bangalore
Hindustan Aerospace Pragathi Aerospace Museum, Nasik
Hindustan Aerospace War Memorial Park, Bangalore
Indian Air Force Museum, Delhi
Kangla Fort, Kanpur
Karn Mahal, Bikaner
Kerala State Science and Technology Museum, Thiruvananthapuran
Kursura Museum/Victory at Sea Memorial, Vizag
Lucknow City Museum, Lucknow
Maritime Heritage Museum, Cochin
Martyr’s Memorial, Dharamsala
Napier Museum, Trivandrum
Naval Aviation Museum, Dabolim
Nehru Science Centre, Worli
Nehru Technology Museum, Kharagpur
Periyar Technology Center, Chennai
Pragathi Maiden Defence Exhibition, New Delhi
Pushpa Gujral Science City, Chandigarh
Vikrant Maritime Museum, Mumbai
Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technical Museum, Bangalore

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for India

Aviation Bibliography

Indian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Indian Helicopter Scene: Turbine Helicopters

To be added.

One thought on “India

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