Iran

Country Profile
 

Islamic Republic of Iran
(Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
01 January 1794
Capital City:
Tehran
Total Area Ranking:
18 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
17 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Iran is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the north by the Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan to the north east, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman to the south, Iraq to the west, and Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan to the north west.

Iran is one of the world’s most mountainous countries. The Zagros Mountains run northwest to southeast, dividing the country into two. Another chain of mountains, the Alborz, follows the line of the Caspian Sea. The peaks in this range can reach up to 5,610 m (18,406 ft). To the east of the Zagros Mountains lies the Central Plateau, which becomes salt desert further east. In the south west of the country is the Khuzestan Plain, an area of marshy lowland that borders with Iraq. The only other area of lowland is the Caspian plain, a narrow strip of land between the sea and the Alborz mountains. The total land area is 1,648,195 sq km (636,372 sq miles).

The population of Iran is 77.2 million (2013 figures), and is made up of 65% Persians, 16% Azeris, 7% Kurds, 6% Lurs, 2% Arabs, 2% Balochs, 1% Turkmens and others 2%. In terms of religion, 90% are Shia Moslem, 9% Sunni Moslem, and 1% others. The capital city is Tehran.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Iran History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Iran
wikipedia: Iran
wikipedia: History of Iran

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Iran.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Iranian (Persian) civil aircraft initially used the registration sequence RV-xxx 1929-1938, before switching to EP-xxx from 1938.

All-time Iran – civil aircraft register (P-Iaa RV-aaa EP-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Islamic Republic of Iran Naval Aviation)
Army Aviation (Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation)
Army Aviation (Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Iranian Government Aviation Unit)
Border Guard Aviation – the Police provide Border Guard services

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – a number of cities have small HEMS operations, including Fars and Tehran
Medical Aviation (Iranian Red Crescent Society)
Police Aviation (Islamic Republic of Iran Police Aviation)
Police Aviation (Iranian Gendarmerie) [1911-1992]

Commercial Aviation

Iran Air
Kish Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Iran
The World’s Airlines: Persia
The World’s Airlines: Iran

Private Aviation

To be added

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Fajir
IAMIC/HESA/SAHA
HESA
Panha

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Iran

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Iranian Aerospace Exhibition Centre, Tehran
Iranian Air Force Museum, Tehran (closed)
Military Museum, Tehran

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Iran

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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