Country Profile

Republic of Iraq
(Jumhuriyyat ul-Iraq)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
3 October 1932
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
59 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
37 of 242 in the World

The Country


Iraq is a country in Western Asia. It is bounded on the east by Iran, Kuwait to the south, Saudi Arabia to the south west, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north west and Turkey to the north.

Much of the western half of the country is desert. The eastern half comprises a fertile plain between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, which run through the middle of the country and then empty into the Persian Gulf. There also several large lakes fed by tributaries of these rivers. In the north east, a chain of mountains defines the northern part of the border with Iran. The land area of the country is 438,317 sq km (169,234 sq miles).

The population of Iraq is 31.1 million (2012 figures), and is made up of 75% Arabs, 17% Kurds, 3% Turkmen, 2% Assyrians, 2% Persians and 1% others. 64% of the population are Shia Moslems, 33% Sunni Moslems and 3% others. The capital city is Baghdad.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Iraqi History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Iraq
Yahoo Iraq page
wikipedia: Iraq
wikipedia: History of Iraq


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘YI-‘ has been used since 1931, eg: YI-xxx. The Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan (Feb 1958-Aug 1958) used the prefix 4YB-xxx.

All-time Iraq – civil aircraft register (YI-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
All-time Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan – civil aircraft register (4YB-aa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Iraqi Air Force) [2006-Present]
Army Aviation (Iraqi Army) [2004-Present]

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Iraqi Air Force) [1931-2003]
Army Aviation (Iraqi Army) [1952-2003]
Naval Aviation (Iraqi Navy) [1952-2003]

Iraqi-based foreign military air arms-
United Kingdom [1918-1952]
Allied Coalition [1991-1992]
UN Coalition [2003-2010]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Iraqi Presidential Flight) [1952-2003]
Agricultural Aviation (Government Unit) [2010-Present]

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police Aviation (Iraqi Police Air Unit)
Private Security Contractors [2004-current]

Commercial Aviation

Iraqi Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of Iraq
The World’s Airlines: Iraq

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

To be added

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields-
Baghdad Airport (ICAO: xx)
Airports in Iraq

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Baghdad Museum
Military Museum, Baghdad (closed)

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added

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