Country Profile

State Of Israel
(Medinat Israel)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
14 May 1948
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
153 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
97 of 242 in the World

The Country


Israel was located in the Middle East, at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It’s neighbours are Lebanon to the north, Syria to the north-east, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.

Israel is a long narrow country, being less than 50 miles wide at it’s mid-point. The eastern boundary is defined by a deep trough, an extension of the East African Rift Valley, which contains the River Jordan, the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias) and the Dead Sea – the latter being the lowest point on the Earth’s surface at 395 m (1,296 ft) below the level of the Mediterranean. The western coastline borders a narrow coastal plain, where a large portion of the population resides. In the north, the Galilee highlands rise to Israel’s highest mountain (Mt Meron) at 1,208 m (3,963 ft). In the south, the triangular-shaped Negev region is a desert region extending to the Gulf of Aqaba, which links to the Red Sea.

Since 1949 irrigation schemes have added over 153,000 hectares (378,000 acres) to the agricultural land available. Forests have increased tenfold since 1948. The area of Israel is 20,700 sq km (7,992 sq m). The population of the territory has grown rapidly since 1948, with substantial immigration including more than 2.2 million Jews and over 300,000 non-Jews. The total population numbered 5.9 million in 2000. In that year the ethnic groups comprised Jews 82% and Others 18% (mostly Arabs). Religious faith comprised 82% Jewish, 14% Moslem, 2% Christian and 2% other. The capital city is Jerusalem.

Note: Aviation in the territory now under the administration of the Palestinian National Authority/State of Palestine, comprising the West Bank and Gaza Strip, is described separately.

Loading map...


National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Israeli History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Israel
Yahoo Israel page
wikipedia: Israel page
wikipedia: History of Israel


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Israel.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

From 1930, civil aircraft operated in Palestine under the British Mandate used the registration sequence VQ-PAA onwards. The Israeli civil aircraft registration prefix 4X-xxx has been used since independence in 1948.

An all-time Civil Rotorcraft Register of Israel listing is here.
An incomplete all-time Israeli civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Israel Air and Space Force – IASF)
Naval Aviation – All military aircraft are operatd by the Air Force

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP/Government transport is provided by the Air Force or El AL

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Magen David Adom)
Police Aviation (Israeli Police Aviation Unit)

Commercial Aviation

Arkia – Israel Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Israel
The World’s Airlines: Israel

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Israel Aircraft Industries/IAI

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Ben Gurion International Airport, Tel Aviv
Eilat Airport
Ovda Airport
Sde Dov, Tel Aviv
Airports in Israel

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

Israeli Air Force Museum, Hatzerim

Other preserved aircraft-
Beit Hashomer Museum, Kfar Giladi
Defenders Park, Kibbutz Nahshon
Eilat Airport Display, Eilat
Golda Meir Cultural Center, Kibbutz Revivim
National Museum of Science, Technology and Space, Haifa
Technoda Center for Science and Technology Education, Givat Olga

Holtz Technical High School, Tel Aviv
IAF Technical School, Haifa

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Israel

Aviation Bibliography

Israeli Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Israel Aircraft Industries
(Official webpage of the Israeli aerospace company)

Aviation Safety Network
(Israeli aircraft accidents and incidents)

AOPA Israel
(Israeli branch of light aviation organisation)

Civil Rotorcraft Register of Israel
(Listing of Israeli civil helicopters)

Civil Aircraft of Israel
(Comprehensive VQ-PA and 4X- listing)

Like this post?

One thought on “Israel

Leave a Comment

See us on Facebook