Italy

Country Profile
 

Republic of Italy
(Repubblica Italiana)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
17 March 1861
Capital City:
Rome
Total Area Ranking:
of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Italy forms a ‘boot-shaped’ peninsula stretching 800 km (496 miles) into the Mediterranean, in southern Europe. It’s land borders are with France to the north west, Switzerland to the north, and Austria and Slovenia to the north east. To the east lies the Adriatic Sea, to the south the Ionian Sea and to the west the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas. Italy also includes Sicily, Sardinia and about 70 smaller islands.

More than 75% of the land is hilly or mountainous. The northern borders are defined by the Italian Alps, where Monta Rosa reaches 4,634 m (15,203 ft). To the south of this lies a broad plain which features the water courses of several majors rivers, including the River Po and a number of ribbon-shaped lakes. A further mountain range called the Appennines rises in north west Italy and curves down the spine of the country to the tip of the Italian ‘boot’ and then continues in Sicily. Some points on this mountain chain are still actively volcanic. The total land area is 294,060 sq km (113,504 sq miles).

The Population of 57.2 million (2000 figure) comprises 94% of Italian origin, 2% Sardinian and 4% other ethnic groups. Some 83% of the people are Roman Catholic and 17% other faiths or non-religious. The capital city is Rome.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Italian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Italy
Yahoo Italy page
wikipedia: Italy
wikipedia: History of Italy

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Italy.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Italian civil aircraft have been registered in the series I-AAAA onwards since 1919. A historical I- register listing.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana)
Naval Aviation (Aviazione per la Marina Militare)
Army Aviation (Aviazione dell’Esercito)

Historical military air arms-
Army Aviation (Aeronautica del Regio Esercito) [1911-1923]
Naval Aviation (Aviazione della Marina) [1912-1923]
National Republic Aviation (Aviazione Nazionale Repubblicana) [1943-1945]

Central Government Agencies

Coast Guard Aviation (Guardia Costeria)
Customs Aviation (Guardia di Finanza)
Forestry Service (Corpo Forestale dello Stato)
Paramilitary Police (Arma dei Carabinieri)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (118 Soccorso)
Civil Defence Aviation (Servizio Nazionale Portezione Civile)
Fire Service Aviation (Vigili di Fuoco)
Police Aviation (Polizia di Stato)

Commercial Aviation

Air Dolomiti
Air Italy
Air One
Alitalia
Alpi Eagles [1996-2008]
Blu-Express
Club Air
Eurofly [1989-2008]
ItAli Airlines
Meridiana
MyAir
Volare

wikipedia: Airlines of Italy
The World’s Airlines: Italy

Private Aviation

To be added.

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Aermacchi
Alenia
Piaggio
Vulcanair
Italian Aircrafts 1939-1945
Aircraft Manufactured by Italy

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Italy

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Deltaland – Parco Velivoli Storici
Museo Agusta
Museo Dell’Aria ‘Nido Delle Aquile’
Museo Dell’Aviazione
Museo Dell’Aeronautica Gianni Gaproni
Museo Nazionale Della Scienza e Della Tecnica
Museo Storico Dell’Aeronautica Militare Italiana

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Italy

Aviation Bibliography

Italian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Aviation in Italy

Aviation Museums Italy

David Cenciotti’s Weblog

Italian Aviation

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