Country Profile


Key Facts

Date of Independence:
6 August 1962
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
166 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
141 of 242 in the World

The Country


Almost at the centre of the Caribbean Sea, Jamaica lies 150 kilometres (90 miles) south of Cuba and 160 kilometres (100 miles) west of Haiti, the two nearest countries. It is located between 77° to 79° western geographic longitude and 18° northern geographic latitude. The closest point to Jamaica in South America is Cartagena in Colombia, a distance of 710 kilometres (445 miles) almost due south. The latitude and longitude of the capital, Kingston, are about 76°47′ W and 18°01′ N.

Jamaica is the largest of the English Speaking West Indian islands. It has an area of 10,991 square kilometres (4,244 square miles), more than twice the area of Trinidad, which is next in size, and measures 243 kilometres (146 miles) from east to west. Its greatest width is 80 kilometres (51 miles), from St. Ann’s Bay to Portland Point. The distance from Kingston to the nearest point on the north coast, Annotto Bay, is 36 kilometres (22 miles).

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Jamaica History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Jamaica
World Travel Guide – Caribbean – Jamaica
wikipedia: Jamaica
wikipedia: History of Jamaica


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Jamaica.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration prefix ‘VP-J’ was used from 1929 to 1964; eg:VP-J-AAA to VP-J-ZZZ.
The registration prefix ‘6Y-‘ is used from 1964 to present, eg:6Y-AAA to 6Y-ZZZ

All-time Jamaica – civil aircraft register (VP-Jaa 6Y-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Defence Aviation (Air Wing of the Defence Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by chartered commercial operators
Coast Guard Aviation – the Coast Guard is a branch of the JDF – no separate aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter rescue service
Police Aviation (Jamaica Constabulary Force) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Air Jamaica

wikipedia: Airlines of Jamaica
The World’s Airlines: Jamaica

Private Aviation

None at present


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Green Island (IATA code: GNI)
Kingston: Norman Manley IAP (IATA code: KIN)
Kingston: Tinson (IATA code: KTP)
Montego Bay: Donald Sangster IAP (IATA code: MBJ)
Mandevlle (IATA code: MVJ)
Negril (IATA code: NEG)
Ocho Rios (IATA code: OCJ)
Port Antonio (IATA code: POT)
Airports in Jamaica

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

None at present

Airshow Dates:
Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None at present

Aviation Bibliography

Central American and Caribbean Air Forces (Daniel Hagedorn)

Armed Forces of Latin America (Adrian English)

World Air Forces Directory (Ian Carroll)

Military Balance (IISS)

Air Power Journal 32, p.154

Web Links

Jamaica Defence Force

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