Country Profile

Republic of Latvia
(Latvijas Republika)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
18 November 1918
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
124 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
144 of 242 in the World

The Country


Located in northern Europe, on the eastern side of the Baltic Sea. Latvia is bordered by Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, Belarus to the south east and Lithuania to the south. To the west lies the Baltic Sea. The whole country is a low-lying plain which doesn’t rise above 300 m (975 ft) above sea level. The total land area is 64,589 sq km (24,938 sq miles).
The Population of 2.4 million (2000 figure) comprises 52% of Latvian origin, 34% Russian, 5% Ukrainian, 5% Belorussian and 5% other ethnic groups. The capital city is Riga.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Latvian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Latvia
Yahoo Latvia page
wikipedia: Latvia
wikipedia: History of Latvia


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Latvia.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Latvian civil aircraft were registered in the series B-LAAA onwards 1919-1929 and then YL-AAA onwards 1929-1939. The YL-xxx series was reintroduced in 1991.

All-time Latvia – civil aircraft register (B-Laaa YL-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Latvijas Gaisaspeki)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Latvian Aviation Regiment) [1918-1940]
Naval Aviation (Latvian Naval Aviation Division) [1923-1936]
National Guard (Aizsargu Aviacija) [1931-1940]
Military Aviation (German Luftwaffe) [1941-1945]

Central Government Agencies

Border Guard (Latvijas RobeÅūsardze)
National Guard (Latvijas Zemessardze) [1993-2000]

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no information
Police – no aviation branch

Commercial Aviation

Air Baltic
Baltic Express Line [1993-2002]
Concors Latvian Air Service
Inversija Cargo Airlines
Latvio Latvian Airlines
Transeast Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Latvia
The World’s Airlines: Latvia

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Latvian Aircraft

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Latvia

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Riga Aviation Museum
Latvijas Aviacijas Tehnikes Muzejs
Latvian Aviation Museum photos

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Latvia

Aviation Bibliography

Latvian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Sparnota Latvija
(History of Latvian Aviation 1918-1940)

Aviation Museums Latvia

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