Country Profile

Republic of Lebanon
(al-Jumhuriyah al-Lubnaniyah/République libanaise)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
22 November 1943
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
167 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
125 of 242 in the World

The Country


Lebanon is located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, in the Middle East. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean to the west. The coastal strip is fertile, but the interior of the country is very mountainous – reaching up to 10,125 ft (3,086) in places. The fertile El Beqaa valley separates the central range of mountains, running roughly north-south through the country, from another mountain range which forms the border with Syria.

The capital city is Beirut, situated on the coast. The country covers an area of about 3950 square miles (10,230 square kilometers), and has a population of 3.2 million (1999 figures). The population is roughly 83% Lebanese Arab, 10% Palestinian Arabs, 5% Armenian and 2% other ethnic groups. 70% of the population is Muslim and 30% Christian.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Lebanese History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Lebanon
Yahoo Lebanon page
wikipedia: Lebanon
wikipedia: History of Lebanon


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Lebanon.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Prior to independence, aircraft based in Lebanon were registered in the F-Oxxx series for ‘France Outre-mer’ aircraft. After independence, the sequence LR-xxx was used 1944-54. In 1952 the registration prefix OD-xxx was adopted, eg: OD-AHD.

All-time Lebanon – civil aircraft register (L-Raaa LR-aaa OD-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Lebanese Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Lebanese Government)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police Aviation – the Air Force performs public security duties.

Commercial Aviation

Middle East Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Lebanon
The World’s Airlines: Lebanon

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers:

Small numbers of a locally built aircraft called the Rayak were produced in the 1930s.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Beirut International Airport
Airports in Lebanon

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

Lebanon Air Force Museum

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Lebanon

Aviation Bibliography

Lebanon Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Flying Carpet

Beirut Spotters Forum

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