Country Profile

Empire of Manchuria
(Mǎnzhōu Dìguó)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
18 February 1932
Capital City:
Hsinking (Changchun)
Total Area Ranking:
n/a of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
n/a of 242 in the World

The Country


Manchukuo was a puppet state established by Imperial Japan in the Manchuria region of northeast China. Manchukuo was bordered by the USSR to the north and east, Japanese-occupied Korea to the south east, the Yellow Sea to the south and China and Mongolia to the west.

The terrain of Manchukuo was quite diverse, being hilly and forested along the Amur, Ussuri and Yalu river borders with the USSR to the north, east and southeast. In the north west there was a mountain range running along the border, with forest and steppe. To the west and south the ground was flatter with regions of steppe grasslands.

Manchukuo had a total land area of 1,286,000 sq km (496,523 sq miles) after 1933, and had a population of 30.88 million in 1934 – increasing to about 50.0 million in 1941. The main ethnic groups were Chinese 96%, Japanese 2%, Koreans 1% and others 1%. The capital city was Hsinking.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Manchukuo History

Further National Information

wikipedia: Manchukuo


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Manchukuo.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Manchukuo civil aircraft used the registration sequence M-100 to M-999 1932-1945.

All-time Manchukuo (Manchuria) – civil aircraft register (M-nnn).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Manchukuo Imperial Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – none

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – none
Police Aviation – none

Commercial Aviation

Manchukuo National Airways

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

MKKK Repair Workshop

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

MKKK Repair Workshop.


Civil Airports & Airfields


Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Manchuria (Manchukuo) Airfields

On Show

Aviation Museums

None known.

Airshow Dates

None known during the 1932-1945 time period.

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

The Eagles of Manchukuo 1932-1945

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