Country Profile

Union of Myanmar
(Mrnma PrĂ£n)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
4 January 1948
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
40 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
26 of 242 in the World

The Country


Myanmar (or Burma) forms the eastern shores of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea in southeast Asia. It’s neighbours are Bangladesh and India to the north west, China to the north east, Laos to the east and Thailand to the south east.

Tropical rain forest covers much of the country, while the central lowland includes the Irrawaddy delta, a major rice-growing area. Mountains form natural barriers to the east and west of the central lowlands – those to the east forming an extension of the eastern Himalayas, while to the west the Shan Plateau (in some places over 4000 m or 13,000 ft high) stretches into China.

Myanmar has a total land area of 676,552 sq km (261,218 sq miles). The population was 50.7 million in 2005, comprising 68% Burman, 9% Shan, 6% Karen, 4% Rakhine and 13% others. Some 300,000 Indians and Chinese were expelled in he 1980s. 87% of the population are Buddhist, 6% Christian a, 4% Muslim, 1% Hindu and 2% other. Until 2005 the capital city was Yangon (formerly known as Rangoon), but on 6 November 2005 the capital was officially moved to a new purpose-built site at Naypyidaw, near Pyinmana, 320 km north of the traditional capital.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Myanmar History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Myanmar
wikipedia: Myanmar
wikipedia: History of Myanmar
Yahoo Myanmar page
CIA The World Factbook – Burma
Myanmar – History
History of Myanmar
MSN Encarta – Myanmar


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Burma/Myanmar.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

In the British colonial era, from 1929 onwards, civil aircraft were registered in the Indian series VT-xxx. In 1940 the Burmese colonial government established a Burmese civil aircraft register, using the sequence XY-AAA onwards. The was retained after WW2 and continues in use, eg. Fokker F-27 XY-ADZ. The prefix XZ-xxx was also allocated, but has not been widely used.

All-time Myanmar Burma – civil aircraft register (XY-aaa XZ-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Myanmar Air Force) [1948-Present]

Historical military air arms-
Air Force (Burma Volunteer Air Force) [1940-1942]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP and liaison flights are flown by the Air Force.

Public Service Aviation

None. The People’s Police use Air Force aircraft when necessary.

Commercial Aviation

Air Bagan
Air Mandalay
Myanma Airlines
Myanmar Airways International
Yangon Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of Myanmar
The World’s Airlines: Myanmar

Private Aviation

Private, as opposed to commercial, aviation is extremely limited in Myanmar.


Aircraft Manufacturers


Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Myanmar Airports map
Airports in Myanmar

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing

On Show

Aviation Museums

Defense Services Museum
Preserved Aircraft.

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

Myanmar Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Aviation Safety Network Myanmar
(Listing of aircraft crashes in Myanmar since 1944)

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