New Zealand

Country Profile

New Zealand
(New Zealand)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
26 September 1907
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
75 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
122 of 242 in the World

The Country


New Zealand is an island nation located in the south western Pacific Ocean. The country comprises two main land masses, North Island and South Island, and numerous smaller islands. It nearest neighbours are Australia to the west across the Tasman Sea, and the Pacific islands of New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga to the north.

New Zealand’s two main islands are separated by the Cook Strait. The Southern Alps, a chain of mountains, run most of the length of South Island. The highest peak, Mount Cook reaches 3,754 m (12,316 ft). To the west lies a narrow coastal strip, which becomes a fjord region in the south western tip of the island. To the east of the mountains lies extensive flat pasture land. Off the tip of South Island lies Stewart Island, the largest of the smaller islands of New Zealand. North Island is less mountainous than South Island. It features a central volcanic plateau with three active volcanoes. The highest of these, Mount Raupehu, reaches 2,797 m (9,177 ft) high. The plateau also hosts Lake Taupo, the country’s largest lake, formed in the crater of an extinct volcano. From the east side of the central volcanic plateau, mountain ranges run north-east and south-west. The remainder of North Island is coastal pasture and farm land, with rich volcanic soil.

New Zealand has a total land area of 268,021 sq km (103,483 sq miles) and had a population of 4.47 million in 2013. The main ethnic groups are European 78.0%, Maori 14.6%, Asian 9.2%, and Pacific peoples 6.9%. The capital city is Wellington on North Island.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in New Zealand History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: New Zealand
wikipedia: New Zealand
wikipedia: History of New Zealand


Text to be added on the development of aviation in New Zealand.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

New Zealand civil aircraft used the registration sequence G-NZAA to G-NZZZ 1919-1929. In 1929 this was replaced by the prefix ZK-xxx, which is still in use. Some microlights and military aircraft have used the ZM-xxx sequence.

All-time New Zealand – civil aircraft register (G-NZaa ZK-aaa ZL-aaa ZM-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal New Zealand Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Royal New Zealand Navy)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the RNZAF or Air New Zealand under charter.

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (New Zealand Aeromedical Service Providers)
Medical Aviation (New Zealand Flying Doctor Service)
Police Aviation (New Zealand Police Air Support Unit)

Commercial Aviation

Air New Zealand
Mount Cook Airline
National Airways Corporation

wikipedia: Airlines of New Zealand
The World’s Airlines: New Zealand

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Alpha Aviation
Micro Aviation NZ
Pacific Aerospace/NZAI
Shearwater Aircraft

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

JEM Aviation
Safe Air
None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in New Zealand

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Air Force World – Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum
Ashburton Aviation Museum
Auckland Institute and Museum
Black Sheep Wing
Classic Flyers Museum
Clydesdale Agricultural Museum
Croydon Aviation Heritage Trust
East Coast Museum of Technology
Ferrymead Aeronautical Society
Founders Park
Museum of Treansport, Technology and Social History
New Zealand Fighter Pilots Museum/Alpine Fighter Collection
Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre
Royal New Zealand Naval Museum
South Canterbury Aviation Hertiage Centre
Southward Museum Trust
Taranaki Aviation, Transport and Technology Museum
Wanaka Transport and Toy Museum

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for New Zealand

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

Aviation Industry Association of New Zealand
Sport Aircraft Association NZ

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