North Korea

Country Profile

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
09 September 1948
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
99 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
48 of 242 in the World

The Country


North Korea is located on the Korean peninsula in the Sea of Japan in south east Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, the Sea of Japan to the east, South Korea to the south and Korea Bay to the east.
The 38th parallel defines the southern border with South Korea – as defined by the United Nations following the Korean War. The north and east of the country is composed of mountains and uplands, separated by deep and narrow valleys. The west and south west of the country feature two fertile plains, separated by a mountain range. The total land area is 120,538 sq km (46,540 sq miles).
The Population of 23.5 million (2008 figure) comprises 99.8% of Korean origin, with 0.2% ethnically Chinese. Some 55.6% of the people are non-religious, 15.6% atheist, 12.3% traditional beliefs, 12.9% Ch’ondogyo, 2.1% Christian, and 1.5% Buddhist. The capital city is Pyongyang.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in North Korean History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: North Korea
wikipedia: North Korea
wikipedia: History of North Korea


Text to be added on the development of aviation in North Korea.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

During the Japanese occupation period, Korean civil aircraft used the registration sequence J-Cxxx, with effect from 1933.

After World War 2, North Korean civil aircraft used numerical registrations with no prefix. However, since the 1980s, civil aircraft have used the series P-500 to P-999 for registrations, e.g. Tupolev Tu-134 P-814.

All-time North Korea – civil aircraft register (P-nnn).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Korean People’s Army Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – North Korean VIP transport is provided by the state-owned airline Air Koryo.
Border Guard – no aviation unit known.
State Security Department – no aviation unit known.

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – some limited air ambulance services are provided by the air force.
Police Aviation (People’s Safety Agency) – some limited air policing services are provided by the air force.

Commercial Aviation

Civil Aviation in North Korea

Air Koryo

wikipedia: Airlines of North Korea
The World’s Airlines: North Korea

Private Aviation

Private aircraft ownership is not permitted.


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in North Korea

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum
Taechon Aircraft Collection
Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum

Preserved Aircraft in North Korea

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

North Korean Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

North Korea – Aviation Safety

Aviation in North Korea

North Korean Economy Watch – Aviation

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