North Yemen

Country Profile

Yemen Arab Republic
(al-Jumhūrīyah al-`Arabīyah al-Yamanīyah)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
01 November 1918
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
n/a of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
n/a of 242 in the World

The Country


North Yemen was a country in Western Asia, on the Arabian Peninsula. It was bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, South Yemen to the east, the Gulf of Aden to the south and the Red Sea to the west.

The country comprised the western portion of present-day Yemen. The main geographical feature of the country was the steep escarpment along the Red Sea coast which merged into the central highlands, an extensive plateau more than 2,000 m (6,562 ft) high. The capital city, Sana’a was located here. To the north along the border with Saudi Arabia lay the Rub al Khali desert, which was almost uninhabited. The total land area was 167,943 sq km (64,843 sq miles).

The Population of 7.2 million (1990 figure) comprised 93% Arab, with 7% other ethnic groups (mainly Somali and black). In terms of religion, 54% were Sunni Moslem, 45% Shia Moslem and 1% other. The capital city was Sana’a.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in North Yemen History

Further National Information

wikipedia: North Yemen


Text to be added on the development of aviation in North Yemen.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

North Yemen civil aircraft initially used the registration sequence YEMEN-xxx, until 1955 when this was shortened to YE-xxx. The YE- sequence was used until 1969, when the prefix changed to 4W-xxx.

All-time North Yemen – civil aircraft register (YE-aaa 4W-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Yemen Arab Republic Air Force) [1926-1990]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (North Yemen Government)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police (North Yemen Police) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Yemenia/Yemen Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of North Yemen
The World’s Airlines: North Yemen

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in North Yemen

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

None at present

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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