Country Profile

Sultanate of Oman
(Saltanat ‘Uman)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
18 November 1650
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
71 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
131 of 242 in the World

The Country


Formerly called ‘Muscat and Oman’ until 1970, the country of Oman is located at the tip of the Arabian peninsular, in a strategic position overlooking the entrance to the Arabian Gulf (also known as the Persian Gulf). It is bordered by the UAE to the north west, Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the south west, the Indian Ocean to the south east and the Gulf of Oman to the north east.

A chain of high mountains runs east-west in the north of the country. To the north lies the densely populated region of Batinah, a fertile coastal plain that includes the city of Muscat. To the south is a largely unpopulated desert plateau. In the far south is the Dhofar region, which is lower and much more fertile. The total land area is 212,460 sq km (82,050 sq miles). The Population of 2.5 million (2000 figure) comprises 75% Ibadhi Muslims, with 25% other Muslim and Hindu ethnic groups. The capital city is Muscat, situated on the northern coast.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Omani History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Oman
Yahoo Oman page
wikipedia: Oman
wikipedia: History of Oman


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Oman.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Aircraft in Muscat and Oman used the registration sequence G-Axxx 1929-1973. In 1973, the registration prefix A4O-xx (later A40-xxx) was adopted, eg: A40-GK.

All-time Oman – civil aircraft register (A4O-aa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal Air Force of Oman)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Oman Royal Flight)
Coast Guard Aviation – Coast Guard duties are performed by the Police

Public Service Aviation:

Medical Aviation – a Flying Doctor service is operated by the RAFO.
Police Aviation (Royal Oman Police Air Wing)

Commercial Aviation

Oman Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Oman
The World’s Airlines: Oman

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Oman Airports
Airports in Oman

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

The Sultan’s Armed Forces Museum, Muscat

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Oman

Aviation Bibliography

Oman Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

None found

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