Country Profile

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
(Islami Jumhuriye Pakistan)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
14 August 1947
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
34 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
6 of 242 in the World

The Country


Pakistan is a country in South Asia. It is bordered by India to the east, China to the north east, Afghanistan to the north and west, Iran to the south west, and the Arabian Sea to the south. It also has a maritime border with Oman. The disputed territory of Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since 1947.

The terrain of Pakistan is divided into three main regions. The northern highlands, contain three mountain ranges with some of the world’s highest preaks – the mountain K2 reaches 8,611 m (28,251 ft). In the west, the Balochistan Plateau is mountainous or desert and prone to frequent earthquakes. The Indus River plain occupies the eastern part of the country, and has large areas of very fertile soil. Crossed by several great rivers it is the location of most of the major cities of Pakistan. The land area is 796,095 square kilometres (307,374 square miles).

The country has a population of 180.4 million (2012 figures). The population is made up of 44.2% Punjabi,15.4% Pashtun, 14.1% Sindhis, 10.5% Seraikis, 7.6% Muhajirs, 3.6% Balochs and 4.7% others. In terms of religion, 84% of the population is Sunni Muslim, 10% Shia Moslem, 2.3% Ahmadi, 1.6% Hindu, 1.6% Christian and 0.8% other. The capital is Islamabad.

Loading map...


National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Pakistani History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Pakistan
wikipedia: Pakistan
wikipedia: History of Pakistan


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Pakistan.


Civil Aircraft Registrations:
Pakistan civil aircraft have used the registration sequence AP-xxx since independence in 1947. Microlights use the sequence AP-Mxxx. Pakistan military aircraft originally used the sequence AS-xxx from 1947, but have also used AQ-xxx since 1973 and Pakistan Naval aircraft have used AR-xxx since 1992.

All-time Pakistan – civil aircraft register (AP-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Pakistan Air Force)
Army Aviation (Pakistan Army Aviation)
Naval Aviation (Pakistan Naval Aviation)

Central Government Agencies

Government (Pakistan Government Transport)
Pakistan Rangers
Coast Guard Aviation (Pakistan Coast Guard Air Wing)
Pakistan Maritime Security Agency
Civil Aviation Authority

Local Government Agencies

Government of Sindh Aviation Unit
Government of Punjab Aviation Unit
Government of Baluchistan Aviation Unit
Government of NWFP Aviation Unit
Sindh Police Aviation Wing
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Air Unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – some EMS/rescue services are provided by the Army
Police – no information on national police force aviation units

Commercial Aviation

wikipedia: Airlines of Pakistan
The World’s Airlines: Pakistan

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Pakistan Aeronautical Complex

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Pakistan

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Chawinda War Memorial, Chawinda
Dir museum, Dir
Pakistan Air Force Museum, Karachi
Pakistan Army Museum, Rawalpindi
Pakistan International Airlines Planetarium, Karachi
Pakistan International Airlines Planetarium, Lahore
Pakistan Maritime Museum, Karachi

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Pakistan

Aviation Bibliography

Pakistani Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

To be added.

Leave a Comment