Papua New Guinea

Country Profile

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
(Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
16 September 1975
Capital City:
Port Moresby
Total Area Ranking:
55 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
102 of 242 in the World

The Country


Papua New Guinea is a country in the south west Pacific Ocean that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. It has a land border with Indonesia to the west, and maritime borders with Australia to the south, New Caledonia to the south east, the Solomon Islands to the east, and Micronesia to the north.

As well as the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea also includes hundreds of neighbouring islands, including Bougainville in the Solomons Group, New Britain, New Ireland and the Admiralty Islands. New Guinea is the world’s second largest island after Greenland. A spine of mountains, the New Guinea Highlands runs the length of the island. The highest peak, Mount Wilhelm reaches 4,509 m (14,793 ft). The land is mostly covered with tropical rain forest. Major rivers descent from the mountains to flat fertile plains which also have large areas of wetland.

Papua New Guinea has a total land area of 462,840 sq km (178,703 sq miles) and had a population of 7.06 million in 2011. The main ethnic groups are Papuans 84.0%, Melanesians 15.0%, Negritos, Micronesians and Polynesians 1.0%. The capital city is Port Moresby.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Papua-New Guinea History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Papua-New Guinea
wikipedia: Papua-New Guinea
wikipedia: History of Papua-New Guinea


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Papua-New Guinea.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Papua-New Guinea civil aircraft have used the registration sequence P2-AAA to P2-ZZZ since 1974.

All-time Papua New Guinea – civil aircraft register (P2-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Defence Force (Papua New Guinea Defence Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Government Flying Unit)
Aviation Authority (Civil Aviation Safety Authority)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (St John Papua New Guinea Rescue Helicopter) [2007-2010 ?]
Police Aviation (Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary) [2008-2013]

Commercial Aviation

Air Niugini

wikipedia: Airlines of Papua New Guinea
The World’s Airlines: Papua New Guinea

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Papua-New Guinea

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Admiral Yamamoto Aircraft Wreck
Air Nuigini Collection
J.K.McCarthy Museum
Kokopo War and Cultural Museum
Papua New Guinea National Museum and Art Gallery

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

PNGAA Photo Gallery
Flying in PNG
Balus – Papua New Guinea Aviation
Flickr: Papua New Guinea Aviation

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