Country Profile

Republic of Poland
(Rzeczpospolita Polska)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
18 April 1025
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
70 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
33 of 242 in the World

The Country


Poland is located central Europe. It is bordered by Russia (Kaliningrad) to the north east, Lithuania and Belarus to the east, Ukraine to the south east, Slovakia to the south, Czech Republic to the south west, Germany to the west and the Baltic sea to the north.
Poland is essentially a land of flat or gently rolling countryside, with 60 % of the land area below 200 m (650 ft). In the far south the Sudeten Mountains forms the border with the Czech Republic and the Carpathian Mountains the border with Slovakia. The River Oder defines the northern border with Germany. The total land area is 304,460 sq km (117,552 sq miles).
The Population of 38.7 million (2000 figure) comprises 98% of Polish origin, 1% German and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 93% of the people are Roman Catholic, 2% Eastern Orthodox and 5% other faiths or non-religious. The capital city is Warsaw.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Polish History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Poland
Yahoo Poland page
wikipedia: Poland
wikipedia: History of Poland


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Poland.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Polish civil aircraft were registered in the series P-PAAA onwards from 1919, then SP-AAA onwards from 1929. Gliders use the SP- prefix with numerical registrations.

An incomplete all-time Polish civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Polska Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Powietrznej)
Naval Aviation (Lotnictwo Marynarki Wojennej)
Army Aviation (Lotnictwo Wojsk Ladowych)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force [1917-1939]
Naval Aviation [1920-1939]
Polish Airmen in Exile [1939-1945]

Central Government Agencies

Civil Defence Aviation (103rd Air Regiment) [1972-2000]
Border Guard (Straz Graniczna)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Lotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe)
Police Aviation (Lotnictwo Policji)

Commercial Aviation

Air Polonia [2001-2004]
Polonia Airlines
White Eagle Aviation

wikipedia: Airlines of Poland
The World’s Airlines: Poland

Private Aviation

To be added.


Aircraft Manufacturers


Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Poland

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Lubuskie Muzeum Wojskowe
Muzeum im Orla Bialego
Muzeum Polskiej Techniki Wojskowej
Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego
Muzeum Marynarki Wojennej
Muzeum Wojska Polskiego

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Poland

Aviation Bibliography

Poland Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Aviation Museums Poland

The White Eagles

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