Country Profile


Key Facts

Date of Independence:
13 July 1878
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
83 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
59 of 242 in the World

The Country


Romania is located on the Black Sea coast in south eastern Europe. It is bordered by Bulgaria to the south, Serbia to the south west, Hungary to the north west, Ukraine to the north, Moldova and Ukraine to the north east and the Black sea to the south east.
The River Danube defines the southern border. The central region of the country is dominated by the Carpathian Mountains, which run north west – south east before turning east-west in a great arc. The southerly mountain range is also called the Transylvanian Alps and this contains the highest mountains in Romania, rising to 2548 m (8360 ft). The low-lying plains at the foot of the mountains have very fertile soil. The total land area is 230,340 sq km (88,934 sq miles).
The Population of 22.6 million (2000 figure) comprises 89% of Romanian origin, 9% Magyar (Hungarian), 1% Romany and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 87% of the people are Romanian Orthodox, 5% Roman Catholic, 4% Protestant, 1% Greek Catholic, 1% Greek Orthodox and 2% other faiths. The capital city is Bucharest.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Romanian History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Romania
Yahoo Romania page
wikipedia: Romania
wikipedia: History of Romania


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Romania.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Romanian civil aircraft were registered in the series C-RAAA onwards from 1919, then CV-AAA onwards 1929-1936, but this changed to YR-AAA onwards in 1936. Gliders use the YR- prefix with numerical registrations.

An incomplete all-time Romanian civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Române)
Naval Aviation (Fortele Navale Române)

Historical military air arms-
Naval Aviation [1920-1960]

Central Government Agencies

Romanian Intelligence Service (Securitate)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Aviasan)
Medical Aviation (SMURD)
Police Aviation (Polita)

Commercial Aviation

Angel Airlines
Blue Air

wikipedia: Airlines of Romania
The World’s Airlines: Romania

Private Aviation

To be added.


Aircraft Manufacturers

Avioane Craiova

Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Romania

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Muzeul Aviatiei
Muzeul Militar Central

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Romania

Aviation Bibliography

Romanian Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Romanian Aviation News

Romania – Aviation Industry

Aviation in Romania

Aviation Museums Romania

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