Country Profile

Russian Federation
(Российская Федерация)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
12 June 1990
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
1 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
9 of 242 in the World

The Country


Russia is a country in northern Eurasia. It is the largest country in the world. It has land borders with Norway and Finland in the north west, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus and Ukraine in the west, Georgia and Azerbaijan to the south west, and Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea to the south. It has maritime borders with Japan and the US state of Alaska. The Kaliningrad exclave in Europe has borders with Lithuania to the north and east, Poland to the south and the Baltic Sea to the west.

The terrain of Russia mostly consists of huge flat plains, which are heavily forested in the north and mostly steppe grasslands in the south. The northern coast is mostly Arctic Tundra, with permafrost soil and few trees. The Ural Mountains form a north-south range which divides Europe from Asia. In the south west, the Greater Caucasus Mountains form a natural border with Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the south the Altai Mountains run along the border with Mongolia. The far eastern region has a number of mountain ranges, including the Verkhoyansk Range in Siberia and the Kamchatka Range on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Russia has a very long coastline, and also thousands of rivers and lakes. The largest lake is Lake Baikal, located near the border with Mongolia, which is the world’s most voluminous freshwater lake. The land area is 17,098,242 square kilometres (6,592,800 square miles).

The country has a population of 143.3 million (2013 figures). The population is made up of 80.9% Russian, 3.9% Tartar, 1.4% Ukrainian, 1.2% Bashkir, 1% Chuvash, 1% Chechen, 0.9% Chechen and 4% others. In terms of religion, 41% of the population is Christian Orthodox, 25% no specific reglion, 13% no religion, 6.5% Moslem, 5.6% other Christian and 7.9% other. The capital is Moscow.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Russia History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Russia
wikipedia: Russia
wikipedia: History of Russia


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Russia.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Russia was originally allocated the registration sequence R-xxxx in 1913, which as used until 1929. Following the breakup of the USSR, Russian civil aircraft switched to the registration prefix RA-xxxx with numerical registrations. First allocated in 1992. Russian light aircraft and helicopters use the prefix RF-xxx from 1991.

All-time Russian Federation – civil aircraft register (RR-nnn RA-nnn RF-nnn) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Russian Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Russian Naval Aviation)
Army Aviation (Ground Forces Aviation)
Space Forces
Strategic Missile Forces

Historical Air Arms:
Imperial Russian Air Force [1909-1917]
Imperial Russian Navy [1912-1917]
Red Air Force [1918-1991]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Rossiya State Transport)
MoI Interior Troops
Security Aviation (Federal Security Service)
Federal Border Guard Service [1991-2003]

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Ministry of Emergency Situations)
Police Aviation (Ministry of the Interior Aviation Unit)

Commercial Aviation

Air Russia

wikipedia: Airlines of Russia
The World’s Airlines: Russia

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Aviatsionnaya Ispitatelnaya Stantsiya – AIS [1916-1918]
Bezobrazov [1914]
Bylinkin [1910]
Dokuchayev [1910-1916]
Dux/Duks [1910-1917]
Kazan APA
Komsomolsk-on-Amur APA
Novosibirsk APA
Russo-Balt/RBVZ/Sikorsky [1912-1917]
United Aircraft Corporation
Voronezh APA

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Russia

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Barnual Collection
Central Armed Forces Museum, Moscow
Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow
Central Naval Museum, St Petersburg
Central Russian Air Force Museum, Monino
Civil Aviation Board Museum, Ulyanovsk
Combat Glory Museum – Victory Park, Saratov
Kurgansk Aviation Museum
Madagan Military Aircraft Memorial
Military Museum of the Far East Region, Khabarovsk
Ministry of Defence Museum, Chita
Museum of Armament and Military Equipment, Ekaterineburg
Nikolayevsk Aviation Museum
Nizhnevartovsk Aviation Museum
Russian State Museum of Arctic and Antarctic, St Petersburg
Salekhard Airport Display
Tolmachevo Museum of Aviation History, Novosibirsk
Vadim Zadorozhniy Museum, Moscow
Valery P. Chkalov Museum, Chkalovsk
Victory Park, Kazan

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Russia

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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