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|Date of Independence:|
|12 June 1990|
|Total Area Ranking:|
|1 of 236 in the World|
|Population Size Ranking:|
|9 of 242 in the World|
Russia is a country in northern Eurasia. It is the largest country in the world. It has land borders with Norway and Finland in the north west, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus and Ukraine in the west, Georgia and Azerbaijan to the south west, and Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea to the south. It has maritime borders with Japan and the US state of Alaska. The Kaliningrad exclave in Europe has borders with Lithuania to the north and east, Poland to the south and the Baltic Sea to the west.
The terrain of Russia mostly consists of huge flat plains, which are heavily forested in the north and mostly steppe grasslands in the south. The northern coast is mostly Arctic Tundra, with permafrost soil and few trees. The Ural Mountains form a north-south range which divides Europe from Asia. In the south west, the Greater Caucasus Mountains form a natural border with Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the south the Altai Mountains run along the border with Mongolia. The far eastern region has a number of mountain ranges, including the Verkhoyansk Range in Siberia and the Kamchatka Range on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Russia has a very long coastline, and also thousands of rivers and lakes. The largest lake is Lake Baikal, located near the border with Mongolia, which is the world’s most voluminous freshwater lake. The land area is 17,098,242 square kilometres (6,592,800 square miles).
The country has a population of 143.3 million (2013 figures). The population is made up of 80.9% Russian, 3.9% Tartar, 1.4% Ukrainian, 1.2% Bashkir, 1% Chuvash, 1% Chechen, 0.9% Chechen and 4% others. In terms of religion, 41% of the population is Christian Orthodox, 25% no specific reglion, 13% no religion, 6.5% Moslem, 5.6% other Christian and 7.9% other. The capital is Moscow.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Russia.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Russia was originally allocated the registration sequence R-xxxx in 1913, which as used until 1929. Following the breakup of the USSR, Russian civil aircraft switched to the registration prefix RA-xxxx with numerical registrations. First allocated in 1992. Russian light aircraft and helicopters use the prefix RF-xxx from 1991.
All-time Russian Federation – civil aircraft register (RR-nnn RA-nnn RF-nnn) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]
Military Air Arms
Air Force (Russian Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Russian Naval Aviation)
Army Aviation (Ground Forces Aviation)
Strategic Missile Forces
Historical Air Arms:
Imperial Russian Air Force [1909-1917]
Imperial Russian Navy [1912-1917]
Red Air Force [1918-1991]
Central Government Agencies
Government Aviation (Rossiya State Transport)
MoI Interior Troops
Security Aviation (Federal Security Service)
Federal Border Guard Service [1991-2003]
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation (Ministry of Emergency Situations)
Police Aviation (Ministry of the Interior Aviation Unit)
To be added
Aviatsionnaya Ispitatelnaya Stantsiya – AIS [1916-1918]
United Aircraft Corporation
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Central Armed Forces Museum, Moscow
Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow
Central Naval Museum, St Petersburg
Central Russian Air Force Museum, Monino
Civil Aviation Board Museum, Ulyanovsk
Combat Glory Museum – Victory Park, Saratov
Kurgansk Aviation Museum
Madagan Military Aircraft Memorial
Military Museum of the Far East Region, Khabarovsk
Ministry of Defence Museum, Chita
Museum of Armament and Military Equipment, Ekaterineburg
Nikolayevsk Aviation Museum
Nizhnevartovsk Aviation Museum
Russian State Museum of Arctic and Antarctic, St Petersburg
Salekhard Airport Display
Tolmachevo Museum of Aviation History, Novosibirsk
Vadim Zadorozhniy Museum, Moscow
Valery P. Chkalov Museum, Chkalovsk
Victory Park, Kazan
Magazines Guide for Russia
To be added
To be added.