Saudi Arabia

Country Profile

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
(Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
23 September 1932
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
13 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
43 of 242 in the World

The Country


Saudi Arabia is a country in Western Asia, located on the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Red Sea to the west, Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the north east, Qatar, Bahrain, the UAE and the Persian Gulf to the east, Oman to the south east and Yemen to the south.

The terrain of the country is almost entirely sandy desert or shrubland, with little cultivatable land. With almost no rivers or lakes, the main water channels are Wadis, dry drainage courses that become active during sudden rainfall. Along the Red Sea coast runs a rocky escarpment, which includes the Jabal Sawda mountain, 3,133 m (10,279 ft) high. A narrow coastal strip runs between the escarpment and the coast itself. The total land area is 2,149,690 sq km (870,000 sq miles).

The population of Saudi Arabia is 29.2 million (2012 figures), and is made up of 62% Arabs, 6.9% Afro-Arabs, 31% guest workers (mostly South Asian, Egyptian or Yemeni). In terms of religion, 85% are Sunni Moslem, 12% Shia Moslem, and 3% others. The capital city is Riyadh.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Saudi History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Saudi Arabia
Yahoo Saudi Arabia page
wikipedia: Saudi Arabia
wikipedia: History of Arabia


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Saudi Arabia.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Saudi Arabian (Hedjaz) civil aircraft initially used the registration prefix A-Hxx, 1919 to 1939. The sequences UH-xxx (1932-1944) and SA-xx (1948-1970s) were also used. In 1945 the sequence HZ-xxx was allocated and is still used.

All-time Saudi Arabia – civil aircraft register (A-Haa UH-aa SA-aaa HZ-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal Saudi Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Royal Saudi Naval Forces)
Army Aviation (Royal Saudi Land Forces)
National Guard Aviation (Saudi Arabian National Guard)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Saudi Royal Flight)
Finance Aviation (Saudi Ministry of Finance)
Security Aviation (Saudi Ministry of Interior)
Environment Aviation (Saudi Presidency of Meteorology & Environment)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Saudi Medical Services)
Medical Aviation (Saudi Air Ambulance)
Police Aviation (Saudi Police)

Commercial Aviation


wikipedia: Airlines of Saudi Arabia
The World’s Airlines: Saudi Arabia

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Saudi Arabia

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added

On Show

Aviation Museums

Saqr Al Jazeera Aviation Museum (RSaudiAF Museum), Riyadh

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Saudi Arabia

Aviation Bibliography

Saudi Arabia Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

None known.

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