South Vietnam

Country Profile

Republic of Vietnam
(Việt Nam Cộng Hòa)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
20 July 1954
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
n/a of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
n/a of 242 in the World

The Country


Located in Southeast Asia on the Indochinese Peninsula, South Vietnam comprised the southern half of the former French colony of Viet Nam. It was bordered by North Vietnam to the north, Laos to the west, Cambodia to the south west and the South China Sea to the east.

The terrain in South Vietnam could be divided into three areas – the costal lowlands, the central highlands and the Mekong River delta. A narrow coastal strip ran from Da Nang down to Nha Trang and was relatively highly populated. Further inland the Annamite Mountains ran into Laos and created the Central Highlands, which were mostly inhabited by ethnic minorities. The lower one third of South Vietnam, including the Mekong River System, was a low and marshy flat land, while further north and east, upland forests as well as rugged terrain dominated. The fertile Mekong region was extremely good for rice growing.

South Vietnam had a total land area of 173,809 sq km (67,108 sq miles) and had a population of 12.0 million in 1955, increasing to 19.58 million in 1974. The main ethnic groups were Kinh 90%, Hoa Chinese 6%, Montagnard 2%, Cambodian 1% and Eurasians & others 1%. The capital city was Saigon.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in South Vietnam History

Further National Information

wikipedia: South Vietnam
wikipedia: History of South Vietnam


Text to be added on the development of aviation in South Vietnam.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

South Vietnam civil aircraft used the registration sequence XV-AAA to XV-ZZZ from 1954 to 1975.

All-time South Vietnam – civil aircraft register (F-VNaa XV-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Vietnam Air Force) [1955-1975]

Foreign military air arms-
Australia – RAAF
Australia – Australian Army Aviation
USA – US Air Force
USA – US Army
USA – US Coast Guard
USA – US Marine Corps
USA – US Navy

Central Government Agencies


Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no EMS service for the civilian population
Police Aviation (Republic of Vietnam National Police) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Air Vietnam

wikipedia: Defunct airlines of South Vietnam

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Quan Long
Can Tho
Da Nang
Nha Trang
Gia Nghia
Quang Ngai
Qui Nhon
Tan Son Nhat
Tuy Hoa

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

None known.

Airshow Dates

None known for the 1955-1975 period.

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

The History of Air America
USCG Aviation during the Vietnam War
Air America

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