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|Date of Independence:|
|Total Area Ranking:|
|52 of 236 in the World|
|Population Size Ranking:|
|28 of 242 in the World|
Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in south western Europe, separated from Africa by only a narrow strait. It is bordered by France to the north east, the Mediterranean Sea to the east and south, Portugal to the west and the Bay of Biscay to the north. The UK territory of Gibraltar, which is situated at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, also has a border with Spain. Spanish territory includes the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and two Spanish enclaves on the coast of Morocco: Ceuta and Melilla.
Much of Spain is dominated by a central plateau, called the Meseta, some 600 m (1970 ft) above sea level. To the north lies a range of mountains, the Cordillera Cantabrica which run along the entire northern coast. These mountains join up with the Pyrenees which form the French-Spanish border. In the south, the Sierra Nevada mountains are separated from the central region by the valley of the river Guadalquivir. In the centre, a further mountain range, the Sierra de Guadarrama, crosses the Meseta diagonally. The total land area is 499,440 sq km (192,854 sq miles).
The Population of 39.8 million (2000 figure) comprises 72% of Castilian Spanish origin, 17% Catalan, 6% Gallician, 2% Basque, 1% Romany and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 96% of the people are Roman Catholic and 4% other faiths. The capital city is Madrid.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Spain.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
An incomplete all-time Spanish civil aircraft register listing is here.
Military Air Arms
Historical military air arms-
Air Force [1911-1939]
Naval Aviation [1917-1937]
Central Government Agencies
Public Service Aviation
Fire Fighting Aviation (Bomberos)
Maritime Rescue (Salvamento Maritimo)
Police Aviation (Cuerpo Nacional de Policía)
To be added.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Magazines Guide for Spain
Spanish Aviation Bibliography – to be added