Spain

Country Profile
 

Kingdom Of Spain
(Reino de España)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
479 AD
Capital City:
Madrid
Total Area Ranking:
52 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
28 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in south western Europe, separated from Africa by only a narrow strait. It is bordered by France to the north east, the Mediterranean Sea to the east and south, Portugal to the west and the Bay of Biscay to the north. The UK territory of Gibraltar, which is situated at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, also has a border with Spain. Spanish territory includes the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and two Spanish enclaves on the coast of Morocco: Ceuta and Melilla.
Much of Spain is dominated by a central plateau, called the Meseta, some 600 m (1970 ft) above sea level. To the north lies a range of mountains, the Cordillera Cantabrica which run along the entire northern coast. These mountains join up with the Pyrenees which form the French-Spanish border. In the south, the Sierra Nevada mountains are separated from the central region by the valley of the river Guadalquivir. In the centre, a further mountain range, the Sierra de Guadarrama, crosses the Meseta diagonally. The total land area is 499,440 sq km (192,854 sq miles).
The Population of 39.8 million (2000 figure) comprises 72% of Castilian Spanish origin, 17% Catalan, 6% Gallician, 2% Basque, 1% Romany and 1% other ethnic groups. Some 96% of the people are Roman Catholic and 4% other faiths. The capital city is Madrid.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Spanish History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Spain
Yahoo Spain page
wikipedia: Spain
wikipedia: History of Spain

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in Spain.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

Spanish civil aircraft were registered in the series M-AAAA onwards from 1919, then EC-AAA onwards from 1931.

An incomplete all-time Spanish civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Ejercito Del Aire)
Naval Aviation (Arma Aerea de la Armada Espanola)
Army Aviation (Fuerza Aeromoviles Del Ejercito Del Tierra)

Historical military air arms-
Air Force [1911-1939]
Naval Aviation [1917-1937]

Central Government Agencies

Customs Service (Vigilancia Aduanera)
Civil Guard (Guardia Civil)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation
Fire Fighting Aviation (Bomberos)
Maritime Rescue (Salvamento Maritimo)
Police Aviation (Cuerpo Nacional de Policía)

Commercial Aviation

Air Europa
Air Nostrum
Aviaco [1948-1998]
Binter Canarias
Clickair
Futura International
Helicsa
Helisureste
Iberia
Spanair
Swiftair
VIVA Air [1988-1998]
Vueling

wikipedia: Airlines of Spain
The World’s Airlines: Spain

Private Aviation

To be added.

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

Aerotecnica
AISA
CASA
Hispano Aviacion

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Spain

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Fundacion Infante de Orleans
Parc Aeronautic de Catalunya
Museo del Aire
Museo Nacional de Aeropuertos y Transporte Aereo

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Spain

Aviation Bibliography

Spanish Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Aviation in Spain

Aviation Museums Spain

Asociacion Aire

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