Sri Lanka

Country Profile

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
(Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
4 February 1948
Capital City:
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
Total Area Ranking:
122 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
57 of 242 in the World

The Country


Sri Lanka is an island nation located off the southern coast of India, in South Asia. The country has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.

The terrain of Sri Lanka can be divided into three main areas. The Central Highlands in the south-central part of the country consists of a high plateau with mountains rising to 2,524 m (8,281 ft). Most of the rest of the island is characterised by lower-lying plains. In the east and north the plains are divided by long narrow spinal ridges running from the Central highlands towards the coast. A coastal belt surrounds the island, with sandy beaches and natural harbours. The land area is 65,610 square kilometres (25,332 square miles).

The country has a population of 20.3 million (2012 figures). The population is made up of 74.9% Sinhalese, 11.2% Tamil, 9.2% Moors and 2.5% others. In terms of religion, 70.2% of the population is Buddhist, 12.6% Hindu, 9.7% Moslem and 7.5% Christian. The capital is Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, a suburb of Colombo.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Sri Lankan History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Sri Lanka
wikipedia: Sri Lanka
wikipedia: History of Sri Lanka


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Sri Lanka.


Civil Aircraft Registrations:
In 1929 Ceylon was offically allocated the civil aircraft registration VP-Cxx onwards. Upon independence in 1948 this was changed to CY-xxx. In 1954 a new registration sequence, 4R-xxx, was adopted and this is still used.

All-time Sri Lanka – civil aircraft register (VP-Caa CY-aaa 4R-aaa).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Sri Lankan Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Sri Lankan Navy)
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam [2007-2008]

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by SriLankan Airlines under charter
Coast Guard Aviation (Sri Lanka Coast Guard) – no aviation unit

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/rescue service is currently available
Police (Sri Lanka Police) – no aviation branch

Commercial Aviation

Air Ceylon
Mihim Lanka Airlines
SriLanakan Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Sri Lanka
The World’s Airlines: Ceylon
The World’s Airlines: Sri Lanka

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None known.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Sri Lanka

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

SLAF Museum

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

No Sri Lankan aviation magazines known.

Aviation Bibliography

Sri Lankan Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

To be added.

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