Country Profile

Syrian Arab Republic
(Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-ʻArabīyah As-Sūrīyah)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
17 April 1946
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
89 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
53 of 242 in the World

The Country


Syria is a country in the northern part of Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, Israel to the south west, Lebanon to the west and the Mediterranean to the north west.

The terrain of the country is divided into a large arid plateau to the east and a mountainous region in the west. The coast of Syria is lined by a mountain range that follows the coast from Turkey, and stops just short of the Lebanese border. A narrow coastal plain separates the mountains from the Mediterranean. A second range of mountains lines the border with Lebanon. Much of the rest of the country is desert or arid plain. The Euphrates river runs diagonally thorough the country, and tributaries and irrigation systems allow a relatively fertile region in the north east which is used for farming. The total land area is 186,475 sq km (71,479 sq miles).

The population of Syria is 22.5 million (2012 figures), and is made up of 90% Arabs, 9% Kurds, 1% others. In terms of religion, 59% are Sunni Moslem, 13% Alawites (Shia Moslem), 10% Christian, 3% Druze and 15% others. The capital city is Damascus.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Syria History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Syria
wikipedia: Syria
wikipedia: History of Syria


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Syria.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Prior to independence, aircraft based in Syria were registered in the F-Oxxx series for ‘France Outre-mer’ aircraft. After independence, the sequence SR-xxx was used 1948-52. In 1952 the registration prefix YK-xxx was adopted, eg: YK-AKD.

All-time Syria – civil aircraft register (SR-aaa YK-aaa)
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Syrian Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Syrian Government)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police (Syrian Police) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Syrian Air/Syrian Arab Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Syria
The World’s Airlines: Syria

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Syria

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Military Museum, Damascus
War Memorial Museum, Damascus

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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