Country Profile

Republic of China
(Zhōnghuá Mínguó)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
1 January 1912
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
137 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
51 of 242 in the World

The Country


Located in Southeast Asia, Taiwan is an island state off the coast of China. It is separated from China by the Taiwan Strait and comprises the island of Taiwan and six groups of much smaller islands: the Penghu Islands to the west of Taiwan; the Kinmen, Wuchiu and Matsu Islands just off the coast of mainland China; and the uninhabited Pratas Islands and Taiping Island in the South China Sea. To the south of Taiwan is the Philippines, and to the northeast South Korea and Japan.

The eastern two thirds of Taiwan is covered by a series of five mountain ranges running north-south down the length of the island. In contrast, the western third comprises the flat or gently rolling Chianan Plains, where most of the population live.

Taiwan has a total land area of 36,193 sq km (13,974 sq miles) and had a population of 23.32 million in 2012. The main ethnic group is Han Chinese 98%, while the remaining 2% are Taiwanese aborigines. The capital city is Taipei.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Taiwan History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Taiwan
wikipedia: Taiwan
wikipedia: History of Taiwan


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Taiwan.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Taiwan civil aircraft use the registration sequence B-00001 to B-99999 (Except B-2000 to B-9999) since 1949.

All-time Taiwan – civil aircraft register (B-nnnnn) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Republic of China Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Republic of China Navy)
Army Aviation (Republic of China Army)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation – VIP transport is provided by the RoCAF
Coast Guard Aviation (Coast Guard Administration)
Forestry Aviation (National Forest Agency)

Public Service Aviation

Police Aviation (Taiwan National Police Agency)
Civil Defence Aviation (Taiwan National Airborne Service Corps)

Commercial Aviation

Air Taiwan

wikipedia: Airlines of Taiwan
The World’s Airlines: Taiwan

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Taiwan

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Chinese Air Force Museum
National Science and Technology Museum
Taichung Military Martyr’s Shrine
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Museum

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Singapore

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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