Country Profile

Kingdom of Thailand
(Ratcha Anachak Thai)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
1782 AD
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
51 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
20 of 242 in the World

The Country


Thailand is located in the western portion of the Indo-Chinese Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It borders Myanmar (Burma) to the west, Laos to the north west, Cambodia to the south west and Malaysia to the south.

The central region of Thailand comprises a flat alluvial plain formed by a number of major rivers including the Chao Phraya. This region is very fertile but is also the most densely populated. The northern and western borders are marked by north-south mountain ranges which are heavily forested and extend southwards through the long Isthmus of Kra to the Malaysian border. The north east of Thailand is the poorest region of the country. It features a low-lying plain called the Korat Plateau, which is covered by open forest and scrub. Dry and infertile, it is separated from the rest of Thailand by the Fai mountain range. The eastern border of the country is defined by the Mekong river.

Thailand has a total land area of 514,000 sq km (198,457 sq miles) and had a population of 59.6 million in 2000. The main ethnic groups are Thai 80%, Chinese 12%, Malay 4% and Khmer and others 4%. Most of Thailand’s one million Moslem Malays live in the southern region, close to the Malaysian border. They feel stronger affinity with Moslems in Malaysia than with Thai culture, and this has given rise to a secessionist movement. The capital city is Bangkok (also known as Krung Thep).

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Thai History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Thailand
wikipedia: Thailand
wikipedia: History of Thailand
CIA The World Factbook – Thailand


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Thailand.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Since 1929 the registration prefix HS-AAA to HS-ZZZ has been used, eg: Beech King Air 200 HS-ADS. Prior to 1929 the sequence H-Sxxx was used, where ‘S’ stood for Siam.

All-time Thailand – civil aircraft register (H-Saa HS-aaa) [TO BE ADDED].
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Royal Thai Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Royal Thai Navy – Air Division)
Army Aviation (Royal Thai Army – Air Division)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Royal Flight)
Agricultural Aviation (KASET)
Border Guard Aviation (Royal Thai Border Police Aviation)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Bangkok Helicopter Services)
Police (Royal Thai Police Air Wing)

Commercial Aviation

Bangkok Airways
Orient Thai Airlines
PB Air
Thai Airways International
Thai Aviation Services

wikipedia: Airlines of Thailand
The World’s Airlines: Thailand

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

Aircraft Production in Thailand

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

To be added.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Civil Airports and Airfields-
Bangkok International Airport
other regional airports
Airports in Thailand

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be addded

On Show

Aviation Museums

Agricultural Service Museum, Nakhon Sawan
Bangkok National Science Centre for Education, Bangkok
Foundation for the Preservation and Development of Thai Aircraft, Bangkok
Golden Jubilee Museum of Agriculture, Khlong Luang
Jesada Technical Museum, Nakhon Pathom
Jomtien Waterpark, Jomtien
Khao Kho War Memorial Park, Phetchuaban
Loei War Memorial Park, Loei
Royal Thai Air Force Museum – official site
Royal Thai Air Force Museum – unofficial
Royal Thai Navy Museum, Samut Prakan
Royal Thai Police Museum, Bangkok
Saraburi Aero Park, Saraburi
Thai National Memorial, Bangkok
Vietnam Veterans Museum, Kanchanaburi

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide.

Aviation Bibliography

Thai Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

(Post-war civil aviation, civil aircraft register, accidents, airline fleet lists, military aircraft list, wrecks & relics)
Thailand Aviation Page
(Thai airline data and photos)
Thai Flying Club
(Club info, private flying in Thailand, comprehensive airfields list, links etc)
Aviation Safety Network Thailand
(Listing of civil airliner crashes in Thailand since 1951)

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