- The Country
- Aircraft Operators
- On Show
- More Information
|Date of Independence:|
|29 October 1923|
|Total Area Ranking:|
|37 of 236 in the World|
|Population Size Ranking:|
|18 of 242 in the World|
Turkey is located mainly in west Asia, with a further region called Eastern Thrace in Europe. It’s land borders are with Bulgaria and Greece in the north west; Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east and Iraq and Syria to the south east. The northern coast borders the Black Sea, the east coast the Aegean and the south west coast the Mediterranean. Turkey’s position straddling the sealane between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and bridging the divide between Europe and Asia, has helped shape much of it’s history.
The Asiatic part of Turkey, called Anatolia is shaped like a vast elongated saucer – with a high rim of mountains and a flat central plateau. The Pontus Mountains to the north, and the Taurus Mountains to the south, converge eastwards in a substantial range along the border with Armenia, where Mount Ararat reaches 5,165 m (16,946 ft). The coastal lowlands to the north, west and south are fertile and home to the majority of the population. The total land area is 769,630 sq km (297,154 sq miles).
The Population of 63.8 million (2000 figure) comprises 70% of Turkish origin, 20% Kurdish, 2% Arab and 8% other ethnic groups. Some 99% of the people are Muslim (mainly Sunni) and 1% other faiths. The capital city is Ankara.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Turkey.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Turkish civil aircraft are registered TC-xxx from 1929 onwards. A historical TC register listing.
An incomplete all-time Turkish civil aircraft register listing is here.
Military Air Arms
Historical military air arms-
Army Aviation (Ottoman Air Force) [1912-1918]
Naval Aviation (Ottoman Navy) [1914-1925]
Central Government Agencies
Public Service Aviation
Medical Aviation (Ministry of Health)
Police Aviation (Polis Havacilik Daire Baskanligi)
To be added.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Magazines Guide for Turkey
Turkish Aviation Bibliography – to be added