Country Profile

Republic of Turkey
(Turkiye Cumhuriyeti)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
29 October 1923
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
37 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
18 of 242 in the World

The Country


Turkey is located mainly in west Asia, with a further region called Eastern Thrace in Europe. It’s land borders are with Bulgaria and Greece in the north west; Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east and Iraq and Syria to the south east. The northern coast borders the Black Sea, the east coast the Aegean and the south west coast the Mediterranean. Turkey’s position straddling the sealane between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and bridging the divide between Europe and Asia, has helped shape much of it’s history.

The Asiatic part of Turkey, called Anatolia is shaped like a vast elongated saucer – with a high rim of mountains and a flat central plateau. The Pontus Mountains to the north, and the Taurus Mountains to the south, converge eastwards in a substantial range along the border with Armenia, where Mount Ararat reaches 5,165 m (16,946 ft). The coastal lowlands to the north, west and south are fertile and home to the majority of the population. The total land area is 769,630 sq km (297,154 sq miles).
The Population of 63.8 million (2000 figure) comprises 70% of Turkish origin, 20% Kurdish, 2% Arab and 8% other ethnic groups. Some 99% of the people are Muslim (mainly Sunni) and 1% other faiths. The capital city is Ankara.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Turkish History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Turkey
Yahoo Turkey page
wikipedia: Turkey
wikipedia: History of Turkey


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Turkey.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Turkish civil aircraft are registered TC-xxx from 1929 onwards. A historical TC register listing.

An incomplete all-time Turkish civil aircraft register listing is here.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri)
Naval Aviation (Turk Donama Havaciligi)
Army Aviation (Turk Kara Kuvvetleri)

Historical military air arms-
Army Aviation (Ottoman Air Force) [1912-1918]
Naval Aviation (Ottoman Navy) [1914-1925]

Central Government Agencies

Coast Guard (Sahil Guvenlik)
Mapping Aviation (Harita Genel Komutanligi)
Paramilitary Police (Turk Jandarma Teskilati)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation (Ministry of Health)
Police Aviation (Polis Havacilik Daire Baskanligi)

Commercial Aviation

Air Alfa [1993-2002]
Istanbul Airlines [1995-2000]
Onur Air
Pegasus Airlines
Sun Express
THY Turkish Airlines
Top Air [1990-2002]

wikipedia: Airlines of Turkey
The World’s Airlines: Turkey

Private Aviation

To be added.


Aircraft Manufacturers


Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Turkey

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Eskisehir Havacilik Parki ve Teyyare Muzesi
Hava Kuvvetieri Muzesi Komutanligi
Havacilik Muzesi
Muze Deniz
Rahmi M. Koc Muzesi
Turk Hava Kurumu Muzesi

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for Turkey

Aviation Bibliography

Turkish Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

Aviation in Turkey

Aviation Museums Turkey

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