Country Profile


Key Facts

Date of Independence:
27 October 1991
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
53 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
117 of 242 in the World

The Country


Turkmenistan is a county in Central Asia. The country has borders with Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north east and east, Afghanistan to the south, Iran to the south west and the Caspian Sea to the west.

Over 80% of Turkmenistan is covered by the Karakum Desert, which dominstes the centre of the country. The Kopet Dagh mountain range along the border with Iran reaches up to 2,940 m (9,646 ft) and continues to the Caspian Sea as the Great Balkhan Range. In the far south east corner, the Koytendag Mountains along the border with Uzbekistan have the highest point in Turkmenistan at Mount Ayrybaba, 3,139 m (10,299 ft) high. The land area is 491,210 square kilometres (188,456 square miles).

The country has a population of 5.13 million (2012 figures). The population is made up of 76.7% Turkmens, 9.2% Uzbeks, 6.7% Russians, 2% Kazakhs and 5.4% others. In terms of religion, 89% of the population is Moslem, 9% Orthodox Christian and 2% other. The capital is Ashgabat.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Turkmenistan History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Turkmenistan
wikipedia: Turkmenistan
wikipedia: History of Turkmenistan


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Turkmenistan.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Turkmenistan civil aircraft use the registration sequence EZ-xxx, with numerical or alphanumerical registrations. First allocated in 1991.

All-time Turkmenistan – civil aircraft register (RT-nnn EZ-nnn).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Turkmenistan Air Force)
Army Aviation (Turkmenistan Army)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Government Flight)
Border Guards (Turkmenistan Border Guards)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service
Police Aviation (Police Aviation Service)

Commercial Aviation

Air Turkmenistan

wikipedia: Airlines of Turkmenistan
The World’s Airlines: Turkmenistan

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Turkmenistan

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

None at present

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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