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Country Profile


 

United Kingdom
(United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
1 May 1707
Capital City:
London
Total Area Ranking:
80 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
22 of 242 in the World
Status:
current

The Country

Geography

The United Kingdom lies off the coast of North Western Europe, and occupies the major portion of the British Isles. The country comprises the nations of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales and several outlying islands. Its only land border is with the Republic of Ireland. The UK is separated from mainland Europe by the English Channel and the North Sea. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean. Neighbouring countries are France, Belgium and Norway.
In terms of topology, the UK is divided into two main areas, divided by a line running from the river Tees to the river Exe. North of this line lies a mountainous region forming most of Scotland, Wales, the English Lake District and Northern Ireland. The highest mountain is 1,344 m (4,409 ft) high. Lakes and lochs occupy many of the steep-sided valleys. The land south of the line is founded on softer rocks and clays and features ranges of hills separated by low-lying plains. The soil is particularly fertile here. The total land area is 241,600 sq km (95,282 sq miles).
The population of 60 million (2006 figure) comprises 80% English, 10% Scottish, 4% Northern Irish, 2% Welsh and 4% West Indian, Asian and other ethnic groups. 47% of the people are Anglican, 9% Roman Catholic, 4% Presbyterian, 3% Muslim, 1% Methodist and 36% other or non-religious. The capital city is London.

National History

Summary Narrative History – to be added.

Timeline – Key Dates in British History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: United Kingdom
Yahoo United Kingdom page
wikipedia: United Kingdom
wikipedia: History of the United Kingdom

Aviation

Text to be added on the development of aviation in the United Kingdom.

Markings

Civil Aircraft Registrations

The registration sequence K-100 onwards was used early in 1919, but replaced by G-EAAA onwards in 1919, while lighter-than-air vehicles used the sequence G-FAAA onwards. G-AAAA onwards has been used since 1928, eg: G-BOAC. Class ‘B’ markings of the form G-xx-xx (using numbers not letters) for manufacturers test aircraft have been used since the 1930s. For a while in 1937 gliders were registered G-GAAA onwards, but this was soon abandoned.

An incomplete all-time British civil aircraft register is here: G-AAAA, G-AXAA, G-CAAA.

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Royal Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Fleet Air Arm)
Army Aviation (Army Air Corps)
Marine Aviation (Royal Marine Commandos)

Historical military air arms-
Army Aviation (Royal Flying Corps) [1912-1918]
Naval Aviation (Royal Naval Air Service) [1912-1918]
Reserve Aviation (Royal Auxiliary Air Force – see Royal Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Queen’s Flight/King’s Flight)
Coast Guard (H.M. Coastguard)
Environment Patrol (Environment Agency)
Fisheries Patrol (Marine Fisheries Agency)
Test & Evaluation (Qinetiq – formerly called DERA)
Flight Inspection (Flight Calibration Unit – FCU)
Science Research (Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements – FAAM)
Weather Research (Met Office Civil Contingency Aircraft – MOCCA)

Regional Government Agencies

Fisheries Patrol (Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation
Police Aviation
Fire Service

Commercial Aviation

wikipedia: Airlines of United Kingdom
The World’s Airlines: United Kingdom

Private Aviation

Private contractors for Government/Military Services-
Cobham Aviation/Flight Refuelling Ltd
Directflight Ltd
DO Systems

Industry

Aircraft Manufacturers

To be added

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.

Airfields

Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in United Kingdom

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Guide to UK Aviation Museums

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

Magazines Guide for the United Kingdom

Aviation Bibliography

UK Aviation bibliography

Web Links

To be added

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