Country Profile

Socialist Republic of Vietnam
(Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
2 July 1976
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
66 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
13 of 242 in the World

The Country


Vietnam is the eastern-most country on the Indochinese Peninsular in Southeast Asia. The country is bordered by China to the north, the South China Sea to the south and east, Cambodia to the south west and Laos to the north west. It also has maritime borders with the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Thailand.

The terrain in Vietnam is mostly hilly and densely forested. Mountains and tropical forest account for some 82% of the land area. In the north, the Red River flows from a range of high mountains into a broad river delta which is highly fertile and also densely populated. Further south lie the Annamite Mountains along the border with Laos and a narrow coastal plain. In the far south is the delta for the Mekong river, another fertile and densely populated region.

Vietnam has a total land area of 331,210 sq km (128,965 sq miles) and had a population of 90.39 million in 2012. The main ethnic groups are Vietnamese Kinh 86.2%, Tay 1.9% Tai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer Krom 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nung 1.1%, Hmong 1.0% and others 4.1%. The capital city is Hanoi.

Between 1954 and 1975, the country was divided into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Vietnamese History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Vietnam
wikipedia: Vietnam
wikipedia: History of Vietnam


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Vietnam.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Civil aircraft in French Indo-China were registered in the series F-VNAA onwards from 1929, but this was changed with formal independence in 1959 to XV-AAA onwards for South Vietnam, and 3W-AAA for North Vietnam, although the latter was not used. The sequence BH-AAA onwards is also reported to be allocated to North Vietnam. Following re-unification in 1977, the VN- prefix was adopted, with numerical registrations starting at VN-A-xxx for jets, VN-B-xxx for turboprops and VB-C-xxx for piston engined aircraft. Helicopters have no letter prefix, using the form VN-xxx.

All-time Vietnam – civil aircraft register (F-VNaa 3W-aaa BH-aaa VN-nnn).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Current military air arms-
Air Force (Vietnamese People’s Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Vietnam People’s Navy)

Central Government Agencies

Coast Guard Aviation (Vietnam Marine Police)
Border Guard Aviation (Border Defence Force) [No aircraft at present]

Public Service Aviation

National Police (People’s Police of Vietnam) [No aircraft at present]

Commercial Aviation

Air Vietnam [1951-1975]
Pacific Airlines
Southern Service Flight Company
Vietnam Airlines

wikipedia: Airlines of Vietnam
The World’s Airlines: Vietnam

Private Aviation

Currently not applicable


Aircraft Manufacturers

None known, although Mitsubishi is looking at making sub-components in Vietnam.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Vietnam

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Bien Hoa Military Museum
Civil Aviation Headquarters Display, Hanoi
Chi Chi Tunnels Museum
Ho Chi Minh City Museum
Ho Chi Minh Museum, Da Nang
Hue Military Museum
Khe Sanh Combat Base Museum
Lenin Park Display, Hanoi
Military Museum of Ho Chi Minh City
Museum of Military Zone 3, Haiphong
Museum of Military Zone 4, Vinh
Museum of Military Zone 5, Da Nang
Museum of Military Zone 9, Can Tho
Museum of Military Zone Thu Do, Hanoi
Museum of Quang Nam, Da Nang
Museum of the Air-Defence and Air Force, Hanoi
Nha Trang Air Force Base Collection
Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known

Aviation Bibliography

Vietnamese Aviation Bibliography – to be added

Web Links

To be added.

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