- The Country
- Aircraft Operators
- On Show
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|Date of Independence:|
|2 July 1976|
|Total Area Ranking:|
|66 of 236 in the World|
|Population Size Ranking:|
|13 of 242 in the World|
Vietnam is the eastern-most country on the Indochinese Peninsular in Southeast Asia. The country is bordered by China to the north, the South China Sea to the south and east, Cambodia to the south west and Laos to the north west. It also has maritime borders with the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Thailand.
The terrain in Vietnam is mostly hilly and densely forested. Mountains and tropical forest account for some 82% of the land area. In the north, the Red River flows from a range of high mountains into a broad river delta which is highly fertile and also densely populated. Further south lie the Annamite Mountains along the border with Laos and a narrow coastal plain. In the far south is the delta for the Mekong river, another fertile and densely populated region.
Vietnam has a total land area of 331,210 sq km (128,965 sq miles) and had a population of 90.39 million in 2012. The main ethnic groups are Vietnamese Kinh 86.2%, Tay 1.9% Tai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer Krom 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nung 1.1%, Hmong 1.0% and others 4.1%. The capital city is Hanoi.
Between 1954 and 1975, the country was divided into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
Further National Information
Text to be added on the development of aviation in Vietnam.
Civil Aircraft Registrations
Civil aircraft in French Indo-China were registered in the series F-VNAA onwards from 1929, but this was changed with formal independence in 1959 to XV-AAA onwards for South Vietnam, and 3W-AAA for North Vietnam, although the latter was not used. The sequence BH-AAA onwards is also reported to be allocated to North Vietnam. Following re-unification in 1977, the VN- prefix was adopted, with numerical registrations starting at VN-A-xxx for jets, VN-B-xxx for turboprops and VB-C-xxx for piston engined aircraft. Helicopters have no letter prefix, using the form VN-xxx.
All-time Vietnam – civil aircraft register (F-VNaa 3W-aaa BH-aaa VN-nnn).
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]
Military Air Arms
Current military air arms-
Air Force (Vietnamese People’s Air Force)
Naval Aviation (Vietnam People’s Navy)
Central Government Agencies
Coast Guard Aviation (Vietnam Marine Police)
Border Guard Aviation (Border Defence Force) [No aircraft at present]
Public Service Aviation
National Police (People’s Police of Vietnam) [No aircraft at present]
Currently not applicable
None known, although Mitsubishi is looking at making sub-components in Vietnam.
Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots
Civil Airports & Airfields
Military Air Bases & Airfields
Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.
Bien Hoa Military Museum
Civil Aviation Headquarters Display, Hanoi
Chi Chi Tunnels Museum
Ho Chi Minh City Museum
Ho Chi Minh Museum, Da Nang
Hue Military Museum
Khe Sanh Combat Base Museum
Lenin Park Display, Hanoi
Military Museum of Ho Chi Minh City
Museum of Military Zone 3, Haiphong
Museum of Military Zone 4, Vinh
Museum of Military Zone 5, Da Nang
Museum of Military Zone 9, Can Tho
Museum of Military Zone Thu Do, Hanoi
Museum of Quang Nam, Da Nang
Museum of the Air-Defence and Air Force, Hanoi
Nha Trang Air Force Base Collection
Vietnamese Aviation Bibliography – to be added
To be added.