Country Profile

Republic of Yemen
(al-JumhĊĞriyyah al-Yamaniyyah)

Key Facts

Date of Independence:
22 May 1990
Capital City:
Total Area Ranking:
50 of 236 in the World
Population Size Ranking:
49 of 242 in the World

The Country


The country of Yemen is located in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It was established in 1990 by the unification of North Yemen and South Yemen. It is bordered by Oman to the east, Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west and the Gulf of Aden to the south. A number of islands in the Red Sea below to Yemen, as well as Socotra off the coast of Oman.

The territory of Yemen can be divided in four main regions. The coastal plains along the Red Sea coast are very arid and flat. Further inland lies the western highlands, which receives high levels of rainfall. Terracing of the land here allows a significant amount of cultivation to take place. The highest mountain in the Arabian Peninsula, Jabal an Nabi Shuayb, is found here and reaches 3,666 m (12,028 ft). To the east lies the central highlands, an extensive plateau more than 2,000 m (6,562 ft) high. This area still receives enough rainfall to allow extensive farming to take place. The capital city, Sana’a is located here. To the north along the border with Saudi Arabia lies the Rub al Khali desert, which is almost uninhabited. The total land area is 527,829 sq km (203,796 sq miles).

Yemen has a population of 23.8 million (2011 figures). The main ethnic groups are Arab 92.8%, Somali 3.7%, black 1.1%, Indo-Pakistani 1% and other 1.4%. In terms of religion, 54% are Sunni Moslem, 45% Shia Moslem and 1% other.

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National History

Summary Narrative History

Timeline – Key Dates in Yemen History

Further National Information

BBC News Profile: Yemen
wikipedia: Yemen
wikipedia: History of Yemen


Text to be added on the development of aviation in Yemen.


Civil Aircraft Registrations

Yemen civil aircraft still use the registration sequence 7O-AAA to 7O-ZZZ, inherited from South Yemen. This sequence was allocated in 1969.

All-time Yemen – civil aircraft register (7O-aaa)
[Get involved with the Aeroflight Cloud.]

Aircraft Operators

Military Air Arms

Air Force (Yemeni Air Force)

Central Government Agencies

Government Aviation (Yemen Government)

Public Service Aviation

Medical Aviation – no helicopter EMS/Rescue service available
Police (Ministry of Interior) – no aviation unit

Commercial Aviation

Yemenia – Yemen Airways

wikipedia: Airlines of Yemen
The World’s Airlines: Yemen

Private Aviation

To be added


Aircraft Manufacturers

None at present.

Aircraft Maintenance/Repair Depots

None known.


Civil Airports & Airfields

Airports in Yemen

Military Air Bases & Airfields

Military Air Bases Listing – to be added.

On Show

Aviation Museums

Military Museum, Sana’a

Airshow Dates

Key Airshow Dates

More Information

Aviation-Related Magazines

None known.

Aviation Bibliography

To be added

Web Links

To be added.

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