Danish Army Air Corps

Operator Profile
 

Key Facts

Current Title:
Haerens Flyvertropper
English Title:
Danish Army Air Corps
Abbreviation:
HF
First Established:
1912
ICAO Code:
(None)
Country:
Denmark
Status:
Disbanded

History

Narrative Summary

An Army Flying School was first established in July 1912, its first equipment being a donated by a civil flying school. In 1913 the Army Air Forces established a permanent airfield at Kløvermarken. In February 1923 the Army Flying Corps was officially created, changing its name to Army Air Corps in 1932. It was considered as one of the regiments of the Army.

When Nazi Germany invaded in April 1940 one army air corps was shot down. The German occupiers prohibited all military flying and so the army aircraft were dismantled and stored in a hangar. In 1943 these aircraft were tkaen over by the Germans and pressed into service.

After the liberation of Denmark in 1945 the arm air corps was re-established, but did not have any aircraft until a number of aircraft from Britain were received late in the year. In 1950 the army air corps was merged with the naval air service to form the Royal Danish Air Force.

Key Dates

1 April 1912    First army officer completes pilot training
2 July 1912    Army Flying School established
1913    First army air station opened
1 February 1923    Army aviation branch officially created
1 November 1932    Army Air Corps formally established
9 April 1940    German invasion of Denmark
April 1940    Army air corps disbanded by German occupiers
late 1943    Stored army aircraft taken over by the Germans
December 1946    Army air corps re-established
1 November 1950    Army and Navy air arms merged to form the Royal Danish Air Force

Current Status

Not applicable.

Future Plans

Not applicable.

Markings

National Insignia

Historical

Aircraft Serial Numbers

1912-1926:
HF aircraft were initially assigned serials comprising a two letters, usually an abbreviation of the manufacturers name, and a number, e.g. Nielson & Winther Aa with the serial N&W.2.

1926-1932:
In 1926 type letters were introduced, followed by a number, e.g. D.H.60 S-100.

R for Fokker C.V, with numbers in the range 1-50
O for Fokker C.I, with numbers in the range 51-99
S for D.H. Moths, with numbers in the range 100-150*
J for fighters, with numbers in the range 151-200*
* in 1932 these numbers were revised to start at 301 to avoid duplicating Navy serials.

1932-1950:
In 1932 the numerical serials were reset to start from 1 in each category, e.g. Bristol Bulldog J-1.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.

Aircraft

Aircraft Designations

Aircraft type codes were assigned from 1932 onwards. These consisted of a roman number follwed by a role letter, e.g. II J for the Gloster Gauntlet. The role letter indicated Fighter (J), Reconnaissance (R), School trainer (S), Operational trainer (o) or Molleplan/autogyro (M). The roman number indicated the chronological order in the class, so the Gauntlet was the second type of fighter acquired under this system.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Not applicable.

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

No false reports known.

Organisation

Main Headquarters

To be added.

Organisational Structure

By 1940 the HF was organised into two Flyveafdelinger (air wings), the Army Flying School and a Balloon Park.

Current Order of Battle

Not applicable.

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

Sjællandske Flyverafdeling
Jydske Flyverafdeling
Flyveskolen
Ballonparken
1. Eskadrille
2. Eskadrille
3. Eskadrille
5. Eskadrille

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

Not applicable.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

The main air bases were Kastrup and Vaerlose. Other bases used included Klovermarken and Lundtofte.

More Information

Books

Danish Military Aviation Bibliography – to be added.

Magazines

To be added.

Websites

Danish Air Force, Danish Army Air Corps and Royal Danish Naval Aviation

wikipedia: Haerens Flyvertropper

The History of Danish Military Aircraft

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