Eritrean Air Force

Operator Profile

Key Facts

Current Title:
Eritrean Air Force
English Title:
Eritrean Air Force
First Established:
ICAO Code:


Narrative Summary

Eritrean gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993. During the independence war, a number of aircraft and helicopters were captured from Ethiopia. In 1994 an Eritrean Air Force was formally established. The first equipment comprised former Ethiopian Air Force aircraft. To enable a full range of operational capabilities, transport aircraft were obtained from China and training aircraft from Finland and Italy. Following the acquisition of Su-27s by Ethiopia in 1998, a batch of MiG-29s was delivered to maintain military parity.

Key Dates

1994    Eritrean Air Force first established

Current Status

The Eritrean Air Force is fully operational.

Future Plans

To be added.


National Insignia

To be added.

Aircraft Serial Numbers

The Eritrean Air Force serial numbering system normally consists of a three digit number plus the prefix ‘ERAF-‘ or ‘ER-‘. Trainer aircraft appear to carry no serial prefix. e.g. ER-102 for MiG-21, ERAF-301 for Mi-17 and 404 for MB339.

Unit/Base Codes

Coding system not used.


Aircraft Designations

None – Manufacturers designations used.

Current Aircraft Inventory

Table of Current Service Aircraft

All-Time Aircraft Used List

All-Time Table of Aircraft Used

Aircraft NOT Used

To be added.


Main Headquarters


Organisational Structure

The ErAF is organised into 8 Squadrons of aircraft.

Current Order of Battle

Table of Current Order of Battle

Historical Orders of Battle

To be added.

All-Time Flying Units List

1 Squadron
2 Squadron
3 Squadron
4 Squadron
5 Squadron
6 Squadron
7 Squadron
8 Squadron

Air Bases

Current Air Bases

See current order of battle.

All-Time Air Bases Used List

To be added.

More Information


African Air Forces by Winston Brent (Freeworld Publications)

World Air Forces Directory 2013/14 by Ian Carroll (Mach III)


To be added.


Pictures of the Eritrean Air Force

wikipedia: Eritrean Air Force

Scramble: Eritrea

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